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版权信息COPYRIGHT INFORMATION书名：高等学校英语应用能力考试B级专项训练与历年真题作者：蒋玉琴排版：燕子出版社：浙江大学出版社出版时间：2015-10-26ISBN：9787308152778本书由浙江大学出版社有限责任公司授权北京当当科文电子商务有限公司制作与发行。— · 版权所有 侵权必究 · —第一部分 考试专项分析与练习听力专项分析与练习
What time do you usually go to work？
A.It's early. B.Eight hours.
C.Yes，I'd love to. D.At half past eight.
分析：该题四个选项有些分散，但是听的过程中你抓住了“What time”这个关键词语，就知道了问的是具体时间，就很容易选择D。B选项看似有点干扰，但表示的是时长，通常用来答复“how long”，也就排除了可能性，其他两个选项都是和具体时间没有多大关系的，尤其是C选项，可以把它直接排除掉。因此，抓住关键词，排除干扰选项是听力理解问答题的一大技巧。
该部分也同样要求考生在听之前先看选项，确定大致的问题方向，这样有助于考生带着方向听题，更有针对性。如有选题如下：A.Warm. B.Cold. C.Hot. D.Wet.我们可以推断对话是在谈论有关天气的冷热、干湿问题，因此在听的过程中要特别注意关于天气的问题。
A.Snowy. B.Cloudy. C.Windy. D.Rainy.
听力原文：M：The streets are covered with snow.
W：That's true.It has been snowing for a whole day.
Q：What's the weather like？
Model Test 1
1.A.That's good. B.It's tasty.
C.Why not have a rest？ D.It doesn't matter.
2.A.Also coffee. B.Tea，please.
C.Thank you very much. D.That's all right.
3.A.Hold on，please. B.Whom do you want？
C.Don't go away. D.Well，you can't.
4.A.It's a good one. B.It's a good idea.
C.You are right. D.Tomorrow morning.
5.A.He came to our company last year.
B.He is very nice.
C.He was in Beijing 3 years ago.
D.I have met him somewhere before.
6.A.That's great. B.Everyone likes it.
C.I'll do it right now. D.Sorry，I'm a stranger here.
7.A.Very well. B.He's studying hard.
C.That sounds good. D.He likes his school.
8.A.In a hotel. B.In a bank.
C.At a meeting. D.At a post office.
9.A.A recorder. B.A heater. C.A car. D.A motorbike.
10.A.She did well on the test.
B.She found the test difficult.
C.She needed more time to finish the test.
D.She could answer most of the questions.
11.A.To the seaside. B.To the city center.
C.To the countryside. D.To the new bridge.
12.A.She is sad. B.She is upset.
C.She is nervous. D.She is ill.
13.A.They must hurry up. B.They won't miss the train.
C.They will be late. D.They won't take this train.
14.A.Hold a party. B.Go travelling.
C.Think out a good idea. D.Have a weekend.
15.A.Go sightseeing. B.Buy a T-shirt.
C.Put on a shirt. D.Bargain with the woman.
16.A.Small size. B.Large size.
C.Average size. D.XL size.
17.A.Watching movies. B.Playing computer games.
C.Chatting online. D.Doing sports.
18.A.Watching TV. B.Playing computer games.
C.Chatting online. D.Watching movies.
19.A.Watch TV. B.Watch a movie.
C.Go swimming. D.Play tennis.
Some managers have noticed recently that the employees in the company are taking advantage of the policy of having breaks.The workers have two 15-minutes breaks per 20.However，the two breaks are lasting 21 as 25 to 30 minutes each.The workers complain that the factory work is so 22 that they need longer breaks.Also the dining hall is so 23 that it takes too long to walk there and back.But the company is losing hundreds of work hours each year.Should employees be paid for the time they are not working？ The general manager has to call a meeting to 24 this matter.
Model Test 2
1.A.Never mind. B.Yes，I am.
C.No problem. D.Here it is.
2.A.I like it very much. B.That's a good idea.
C.Thank you. D.You're welcome.
3.A.Let's go. B.Don't mention it.
C.It's delicious. D.Here you are.
4.A.He's busy. B.He's fine.
C.He's fifty. D.He's a doctor.
5.A.Thanks. B.I don't think so.
C.Oh，no. D.It doesn't matter.
6.A.Sandwich and coffee. B.Beer，please.
C.It's my favorite food. D.I don't like this meal.
7.A.A good one. B.One dollar.
C.Six times a year. D.In a book store.
8.A.A telephone. B.A watch.
C.A coat. D.A computer.
9.A.Travel to Australia. B.Start a business.
C.Work part-time. D.Write a report.
10.A.Prepare a speech. B.Send an e-mail.
C.Type a letter. D.Make a phone call.
11.A.The first floor. B.The second floor.
C.The third floor. D.The fourth floor.
12.A.In a bank. B.In a bookstore.
C.At the airport. D.At a hotel.
13.A.Go to the concert. B.Work in the office.
C.Stay at home. D.Attend a party.
14.A.Customer and saleswoman. B.Husband and wife.
C.Patient and doctor. D.Teacher and student.
15.A.What for dinner. B.A wonderful dinner.
C.When for dinner. D.Where for dinner.
16.A.A Chinese restaurant. B.An old Italian restaurant.
C.A new Italian restaurant. D.A Thailand restaurant.
17.A.Mr.Smith's secretary. B.Mr.Smith's wife.
C.Mr.Smith's mother. D.Mr.Smith's sister.
18.A.On the 15th. B.On the 16th.
C.On the 17th. D.On the 18th.
19.A.ABC Company. B.Simon Li Company.
C.Wood Trade Corporation. D.An international corporation.
Almost every activity in life requires communication.When you make a speech at school，20 your food at a restaurant，or tell a joke，you are communicating.Learning to speak and express your thoughts 21 is the basic requirement of good communication.But there is 22 to speaking—one that's often neglected.That's “listening.” If you don't listen，how will you know what to say when your workmate needs help or your friend is upset？ So，try to remember that good communicators listen twice 23 as they speak.Maybe that's why God gave us two ears and just one 24.
Model Test 3
1.A.Yes，I know that. B.Yes，I'd like to.
C.Yes，I'm all right. D.Yes，I'm sure.
2.A.Leave it to me. B.That's a good idea.
C.That's great. D.Ten o'clock.
3.A.Chinese history. B.I'm twenty.
C.Too difficult. D.I like football.
4.A.They are too big. B.They are the same size.
C.They are thirty dollars. D.They are in fashion.
5.A.I'm sorry to hear that. B.No，thanks.
C.My pleasure. D.Yes，I'd love to make it.
6.A.It's open at 9：00 a.m. B.Sorry，I have no idea.
C.That's all right. D.Thank you.
7.A.She's an English student. B.She's interested in music.
C.She's a friend of mine. D.She's tall with dark hair.
8.A.In a post office. B.On a ship.
C.In a booking office. D.On an airplane.
9.A.Look for Jack. B.Buy some medicine.
C.Call for a doctor. D.Send Jack to school.
10.A.5 dollars. B.10 dollars.
C.15 dollars. D.20 dollars.
11.A.He has no idea about it. B.He's quite interested in it.
C.He enjoys it. D.He doesn't like it.
12.A.He is very nice. B.He is impatient.
C.He is careless. D.He is very rich.
13.A.Her mother took her to the hospital.
B.Her mother was ill.
C.She went to see a friend.
D.She had no class.
14.A.The man will take a flight. B.The man will leave at once.
C.The flight will leave at 2：30. D.The flight will be late.
15.A.One room. B.Two rooms. C.Four rooms. D.Five rooms.
16.A.300 RMB. B.270 RMB. C.250 RMB. D.200 RMB.
17.A.Cash a check. B.Borrow some money.
C.Drive to the bank. D.Have a trip.
18.A.Lend her money. B.Drive her to the bank.
C.Cash her a check. D.Get her check out of a desk.
19.A.It is broken. B.It is stolen.
C.It is out of gas. D.It is sold out.
Tourism（旅游）was not always as important as it is today.In the past only 20 people could travel on vacation to other countries.But in 21，one person in ten visited a country away from home.
More people travel today because there is a 22 middle class in many parts of the world.People now have more money for travel.Special airplane fares for tourists make travel 23 and thus more attractive than ever before.
One person does not travel for the same reason as another.But most people 24 seeing countries that are different from their own.They also like to meet new people and try new foods.
Model Test 4
1.A.Yes，I did. B.No，I didn't.
C.It was a waste of time. D.It lasts two hours.
2.A.It's over there. B.It's 9：30.
C.It's too late. D.Good idea.
3.A.No，that's not good. B.Yes，it is.
C.It doesn't matter. D.So do I.
4.A.Yes，I look pale. B.I've got a headache.
C.Nor am I. D.Don't mention it.
5.A.I'm looking for a gift for my wife.
B.You can do it right now.
C.I'd rather not.
D.Thank you very much.
6.A.A pound of tomatoes，please. B.You can't do anything for me.
C.Please do it for me. D.I can manage it myself.
7.A.It's good. B.Just so-so.
C.I'm glad you enjoyed it. D.Yes，of course.
8.A.His bag. B.His tape. C.His cap. D.His book.
9.A.It was wonderful. B.It was disappointing.
C.It was boring. D.It was unusual.
10.A.Manager and secretary. B.Doctor and patient.
C.Shop assistant and customer. D.Taxi driver and passenger.
11.A.At 1：40. B.At 1：50. C.At 2：00. D.At 3：50.
12.A.He was killed in an air crash.
B.He was wounded in a fight.
C.He was injured in an accident.
D.He was burnt in a fire.
13.A.It's in the right of the man. B.It's on Rose Street.
C.It's far from Rose Street. D.It's around the next corner.
14.A.The man hasn't made up his mind yet.
B.The man doesn't know where to go.
C.The man wants to visit Beijing.
D.The man has been to Beijing before.
15.A.He has a cough. B.He has a toothache.
C.He has a high fever. D.He has measles.
16.A.Take some medicine. B.Lie in bed.
C.Have an injection. D.Do some sports.
17.A.Going shopping. B.Having an interview.
C.Taking a seat. D.Guiding visitors.
18.A.English language. B.Accounting.
C.Business management. D.Tourism management.
19.A.A tour guide. B.A shop assistant.
C.An assistant manager. D.Teaching.
We usually think that people have five senses.Senses are the 20 we learn about what is happening around us.The five main senses are 21，hearing，touch，taste，and smell.Each sense 22 a certain part of the body that receives information and then 23 the information to the brain.Besides these five senses，there are also some other senses.There is a sense of balance which stops us from 24.We also have senses of hunger，thirst，and cold.词汇与结构专项分析与练习
高等学校英语应用能力考试B级的语法部分主要涉及以下几个方面：（一）名词。名词可分为可数名词和不可数名词。可数名词有单、复数之分。（二）冠词。冠词是一种虚词，用在名词前面，说明名词是特指还是泛指。冠词分不定冠词和定冠词。（三）代词。代词用于指代。包括人称、物主、反身、疑问、不定代词等。（四）数词。数词分为两大类，即基数词和序数词。（五）形容词和副词的原级、比较级与最高级（六）动词的基本时态（七）非谓语动词。在英语中，不作句子谓语，而具有除谓语外其他语法功能的动词，叫作非谓语动词。非谓语动词包括动词不定式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词；有一般时态、进行时态和完成时态三种形式以及相应的主动与被动语态。（八）情态动词。用来表示能力、允许、许诺、可能、必须、劝告、意愿等概念或态度。情态动词无人称变化，在句子中和动词原形一起组成谓语。常用的情态动词有must，can，be able to，need，shall，should（ought to），could，would。（九）动词的语态。表示主语和谓语之间的关系。英语有两种语态：主动语态表示主语是谓语动作的执行者，被动语态表示主语是谓语动作的承受者。（十）虚拟语气。是动词的一种特殊形式，用来表达说话人的主观愿望和假想虚拟的情况。
高等学校英语应用能力考试B级的第二大项Section B 为填空题，本题要求考生在解题过程中首先看懂句子，通过对句子结构的分析，判断出所填的词在句子中担任什么成分，用所给词的适当形式填空，其中许多题涉及词的转换，特别是名词、形容词、副词的转换，以下对部分规律进行了归纳并提出了相应的答题技巧。
把动词变成名词最常用的方法就是加后缀，这里的后缀包括“-ment” “-tion” “-sion” “-ion” “-er” “-al” “-ing” “-ance” “-ence” “-ure”等。而这其中出现频率较高且最基本的是“-ment” “-tion” “-er” “-ing”。
把名词变成形容词包括下列方式：（1）（后缀）“-ful” 在名词后面构成形容词。带有“充满……” “显示……” 或“使得……”的含义。如：color—colorful，hope—hopeful。（2）（后缀）“-ly” 可以跟在名词后面构成形容词。如：friend—friendly，week—weekly，day—daily。（3）（后缀）“-y” 可以跟在名词后面构成形容词。带有“充满……” “有……” “包含……” “被覆盖”或“想要……”的含义。如：rain—rainy，noise—noisy。（4）（后缀）“-al” 可以跟在名词后面构成形容词。有“……的” 的含义。如：nation—national，person—personal。（5）（后缀）“-able”或 “-ible” 可以跟在名词后面构成形容词。带有“有……能力” “易做……” “适合……” “足以做……” 的含义。如：comfort—comfortable，respect—respectable。（6）（后缀）“-ive” “-ed” “-ous”或 “-less” 可以跟在名词后面构成形容词。
此类转换包括以下几种方法：（1）以“-ent” 或“-ant” 结尾的形容词可以转换成以“-ence（ency）” 或“-ance（ancy）”结尾的名词。带有“……性”，或“……状态”的含义。如：patient—patience，silent—silence。（2）（后缀）“-ity” 或“-ty”可以跟在形容词后面构成名词。带有“……性”，或“……状态”的含义。如：safe—safety，certain—certainty。（3）（后缀）“-ness”可以跟在形容词后面构成名词。带有“……性”，或“……状态”的含义。如：ill—illness，careless—carelessness。
动词转换成形容词的考点主要集中在以下几点：（1）把动词变成分词。动词变分词有两种可能，一种是“-ed”结尾，变成过去分词；另一种是“-ing”结尾，变成现在分词。现在分词和过去分词区别在：现在分词表示的动作是主动的和正在进行的，过去分词的动作是被动的和已经完成的；在语义上，现在分词和过去分词反映的心理状态不同。前者有“令人……”的含义，过去分词则有“感到……”的含义。如“a boring meeting”表示“会议让人感到无聊”，而“a bored audience”则表示“感到无聊的观众”。（2）（后缀）“-ive”可以跟在动词后面构成形容词。如：impress—impressive，create—creative。
Model Test 1
1.The weather in Beijing is so dry that I can hardly adjust __________ life there.
A.to B.in C.on D.of
2.Almost two thirds of the land in the northwest areas of the country __________ suitable for farming.
A.are not B.is not C.cannot D.not being
3.It is because she is so inexperienced __________ she does not know how to deal with the present situation.
A.therefore B.all what C.so that D.that
4.She makes it a rule to __________ aside an hour each day for learning new vocabulary.
A.place B.set C.assign D.leave
5.Joan and David were considering __________ in June，but they finally decided to wait until August.
A.getting married B.be marrying C.to get married D.to marry
6.Mike looked very much __________ when he was caught cheating in the English exam.
A.discouraged B.embarrassed C.disappointed D.bewildered
7.As Dickens grew __________，he became more and more interested in literature.
A.elder B.the elder C.older D.the older
8.She started to learn English when she was very young，__________ contributes to her success in her career.
A.that B.which C.so that D.so
9.In no case __________ forget the great help that they gave us when we were in trouble.
A.do we should B.should we C.we should D.we do should
10.So many representatives __________，the conference had to be put off.
A.were absent B.to be absent C.being absent D.had been absent
1.He is expected to make an（apologize）__________ for being late for nearly an hour.
2.It is the first time that I（meet）__________ her since she moved here last year.
3.This is a very（danger）__________ road；there were at least five serious accidents last year.
4.What do you think of Alice's suggestion that your son（send）__________ to the hospital right now？
5.While she was going downstairs，the old lady had her leg（break）__________.
Model Test 2
1.I'd like to buy a new house，modern and comfortable，and __________，in a quiet place.
A.above all B.in all C.after all D.for all
2.The climate in this area agrees __________ me and I feel pretty comfortable.
A.in B.to C.with D.on
3.Cars moved very slowly in the 1920s，but they __________ move more quickly than in 1910.
A.were to can B.did C.will D.can
4.She knew nothing about his journey __________ he was likely to be away for three months.
A.except that B.except for C.besides D.beside
5.Do you think Tom will call his old friend as soon as he __________ in town？
A.will arrive B.arrives C.arrived D.had arrived
6.Yesterday I met an old friend of mine by __________，which was really a pleasant surprise.
A.occasion B.accident C.way D.purpose
7.How can I have any self-confidence when you're always so __________ of me？
A.critical B.unpleasant C.serious D.doubtful
8.__________ Mrs.Jones was in the hospital，I would have sent her a card and some flowers.
A.Had I known B.Have I known
C.Would I know D.Would I have known
9.I would like to use chopsticks and see if I can __________ them.
A.deal B.operate C.continue D.manage
10.She reached the top of the hill and stopped __________ on a big rock by the side of the path.
A.to have rested B.resting C.to rest D.rest
1.Only small machine parts can（produce）__________ in our factory before liberation.
2.The advertising can sometimes persuade us（buy）__________ things that are not necessary.
3.In addition to（break）__________ the law themselves，people tolerate various levels of crime.
4.Some of the stars are so far away that it is impossible for us（measure）__________ them.
5.In some ways these schools are（differ）__________ from Chinese middle schools.
Model Test 3
1.If I __________ they，I wouldn't agree with any of his suggestions because he is not a trustworthy person.
A.was B.were C.would not tell D.not tell
2.Our English teacher insisted that we spend more time on some __________ reading.
3.The __________ of a cash-machine is to provide people with cash when the bank is shut.
A.action B.effect C.ability D.function
4.I was about to ask after his wife __________ I suddenly remembered that they were getting a divorce.
A.when B.as C.while D.once
5.Before she went abroad she spent as much time as she could __________ English.
A.practice to speak B.practicing speaking
C.practice speaking D.to practice speaking
6.My wife is out of work now，so we have to __________ our living expenses.
A.cut short B.cut off C.cut out D.cut down
7.The police asked the villagers if it was the place __________ they found the lost child.
A.which B.what C.that D.where
8.Don't worry. __________ you work hard，you are sure to pass the final examination.
A.As much as B.As well as C.As long as D.As soon as
9.I think it's high time we __________ measure to protect the endangered wild animals.
A.took B.will take C.take D.have taken
10.The windows are open and all the papers that she'd left on her desk were __________ about the room.
A.located B.scattered C.discarded D.replaced
1.If it hadn't rained last night，the ground（not be）__________ so wet now.
2.“But why on earth did you agree to this proposal？” I asked（curious）__________.
3.The engine and the wings of the plane（destroy）__________ in the crash last night.
4.Our teacher（analysis）__________ the result of this examination yesterday afternoon.
5.She would rather stay at home watching TV than（go）__________ skating with her brother.
Model Test 4
1.Tina's recent success in her career will be great __________ to her aged parents.
2.The report showed us very clearly how the plane got __________ and crashed in the end.
A.out of control B.under control C.into control D.within control
3.I have no doubt __________ most of the students in our class can pass the final examination.
A.whether B.although C.that D.as
4.There are many children and adolescents __________ behavior is generally unacceptable.
A.their B.who C.whom D.whose
5.They didn't come to the party，though they __________ that they would.
A.promised B.offered C.suggested D.refused