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在整个复习中认真研究真题，从真题中找方法、找差距，是英语三级复习中不可忽视的一个重要方法。本书汇集了2006年11月至2014年5月的真题。并且应广大考生的要求，提供了全国著名学位英语考试辅导专家在中国人民大学录制的今年最新真题的视频讲解，供广大读者免费收看。由于时间仓促，书中难免有谬误之处，希望读者指正。编者于中国人民大学2014年5月北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试2014年5月真题【答案链接】Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.Passage 1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
Humans may not have landed on Mars（火星）just yet, but that isn't stopping a European company from devising a plan to send four people to the Red Planet within the next few years. (76) This project, called Mars One, aims to send a small group of people to Mars in 2022 and eventually establish a permanent colony on the planet.“Everything we need to go to Mars exists,” said Mars One co-founder Bas Lansdorp in March 2014. “We have the rockets to send people to Mars, the equipment to land on Mars, the robots to prepare the settlement for humans. For a one-way mission, all the technology exists.” Yet the four astronauts（宇航员）chosen for the trip will be stuck on Mars—forever. And despite Mars One's thorough planning, there are a number of challenges that may prevent the mission from ever taking place. (77) This biggest road block could be the mission's huge cost ($6 billion). However, Landsdorp is confident that Mars One will be able to fund the project by selling the broadcast rights for the mission and subsequent experiences living on the planet.
Those broadcast rights will also play a part in helping to select the people who will be sent to Mars. Lansdorp said the company will hold a selection process similar to a reality show. Lansdorp is expecting at least 1 million applications from people around the world. In addition to the cost, several other potential problems could inhibit（阻止）the mission to Mars.
“It's even more challenging to send people there with life support, with food, with air, with all the other things like books, entertainment, means of communication and means of providing for their own resources for a long stay on Mars,” said Adam Baker, senior lecturer in space engineering at Kingston University in London. “The sheer size of the rockets you'd need to do this would be absolutely colossal.”1. According to Project Mars One, humans could send four people to Mars within the next _____ years.A. sevenB. eightC. tenD. six2. According to Bas Lansdorp, which of the following is NOT TRUE?A. For a one-way trip to Mars, all the technology exists.B. He could not come up with the fund for Mars One.C. We humans have the rockets to send people to Mars.D. We humans have the equipment to land on Mars.3. According to the passage, all the following statements are TRUE EXCEPT that _____.A. a completion process will be held to select the four astronautsB. the cost of Mars One could go as much as $6 billionC. if it goes as planned, we could expect to watch Mars One on TVD. the four astronauts could return to Earth after a few years' stay on Mars4. The word “colossal” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.A. very largeB. very smallC. mediumD. average5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?A. Ready for a Round Trip to MarsB. Ready for a Short Visit to MarsC. Ready for a One-way Trip to MarsD. Ready for a Walk on MarsPassage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.
When the United States Congress created Yellowstone National Park in 1872, the goal was to set aside a place where Americans could enjoy the beauty of nature for years to come. Now, 142 year later, there are hundreds of national parks across the country, and technology is changing the way people experience them. Should park visitors be able to use cell phones, or should their use be restricted?
“Connectivity presents a real challenge to all of us.” Al Nash says. He is a public affairs officer at Yellowstone National Park. He says cell phone service at Yellowstone is available in parts of the park with stores and campgrounds. This makes it easy for visitors to share photos of their trip on social networking sites and to stay in touch with friends and family members. (78) If a park visitor is hurt or in danger, cell phones make it easier to get help. Some say the ability to download applications that provide information about plants and animals in the park can enrich a visitor's experience.
Others say cell phones disturb people's enjoyment of our national parks. In their view, cell phone towers are an eyesore, and they'd rather hear the sound of birds than the ring of an incoming call. Can you imagine looking out a peaceful lake or field of grass only to be disturbed by a person shouting into their phone, “Can you hear me now?”
Nash says Yellowstone tries to strike a balance. “Ultimately, our job is to let visitors understand and enjoy nature better while protecting what people find special about Yellowstone, and one of those things that's special is the ability to get away from the hustle and bustle（喧嚣）of one's daily life.”6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?A. Which U.S. National Park Has the Most Visitors?B. Should National Parks Allow the Use of Cell Phones?C. What Did Yellowstone Do to Enrich Park Visitors' Experience?D. Can Technology Transform the Way People Experience Nature?7. National parks were established _____.A. to show respect to former presidentsB. to raise public awareness about climate changeC. to preserve areas of natural beautyD. to create job opportunities8. According to the passage, which of the following statements about the cell phone service at Yellowstone is TRUE?A. It is limited to certain areas in the park.B. It is available everywhere in the park.C. It is not available in the park.D. It is available to visitors at a fee.9. The word “eyesore” in the third paragraph probably means _____.A. something unpleasant to look atB. something harmful to healthC. beautiful sceneD. serious threat10. What's the position of Yellowstone on cell phone use?A. Supportive.B. Neutral.C. Negative.D. Doubtful.Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
The first year of school in America, known as kindergarten, usually begins between the ages of five and six. Among rich countries such a late start is very strange. President Obama believes it is an economic and social problem; his education secretary goes as far as to say that it is “morally wrong”. This statement has some support, as it is clear from research into vocabulary that youngsters from poor families enter kindergarten well behind those from rich families—a disadvantage that usually lasts a lifetime. Children from households on welfare knew 525 words by the age of three, while the children of professionals had mastered 1,116.
(79) Pre-school can help close this gap. So in a speech last month, Mr. Obama called for a partnership between the federal government and the states to expand it to every American child. It later became known that “every” meant those who come from families with incomes of up to 200% above the poverty line—equal to an income of $47,000 for a family of four.
(80) Some critics say that sending children to school at the age of four does not work. The evidence suggests otherwise. For example, on March 20th new results were announced from a study of 9-to-11-year-olds in New Jersey. This report found that disadvantaged children who had attended pre-school had better literacy（读写能力）, language, maths and science skills. And two years of pre-kindergarten were better than one.
Some studies also follow the effects of early learning over lifetimes, such as its effect on crime rates and other factors that may eventually burden society. Critics have singled out a government scheme called Head Start, created in 1965, which provides poor households with a range of services including school-based early education.11. Kindergarten in rich countries other than America usually begins at the age of _____.A. eightB. sevenC. sixD. four12. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?A. Poor pre-school kids have a larger vocabulary than rich kids.B. President Obama believes that early education can solve all economic and social problems.C. Rich pre-school kids have a richer vocabulary than poor kids.D. President Obama's education secretary thinks it is morally wrong to let kids start kindergarten early.13. Which of the following about the New Jersey study is TRUE?A. There is no evidence to support the New Jersey study.B. New Jersey has created a new Head Start to help disadvantaged kids.C. Sending children to school at the age of four is not going to help.D. Two years of pre-kindergarten were better than one.14. The phrase “single out” in the last paragraph means _____.A. chooseB. think aboutC. countD. depend on15. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?A. Secondary EducationB. Pre-school EducationB. Poor Kids' EducationD. Rich Kids' EducationPart II Vocabulary and Structure (30%)
Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.16. To our great _____, Tom's illness proved not to be as serious as we had feared.A. anxietyB. reliefC. viewD. judgment17. The meeting is to begin at 4:00p.m., but as assistants, we're _____ to be there a bit earlier.A. invitedB. supposedC. encouragedD. hoped18. Can you _____ the differences between the two pictures?A. tellB. talkC. speakD. say19. Do you know the _____ of the saying I just quoted?A. resourceB. sourceC. courseD. cause20. The Internet has brought _____ big changes in the way we work.A. aboutB. outC. upD. back21. Dr Hampton: Good morning, Professor Smith.Professor Smith: _____, Dr Hampton.Dr Hampton: May I come in?Professor Smith: Of course, please.A. Good morningB. Fine, thanksC. Pleased to meet youD. How do you do22. The travelers are going to Taiwan, _____ they plan to stay for two or three days.A. thatB. whichC. whenD. where23. When George was a little boy in primary school, he often _____ to school on foot.A. goesB. wentC. goD. will go24. On no account _____ to deprive（剥夺）a student of his right to receive education.A. anyone is allowedB. is anyone allowedC. anyone allowsD. allows anyone25. Alice speaks English well, _____?A. she doesB. does sheC. she doesn'tD. doesn't she26. All the passengers _____ in the accident were sent to the nearby hospital in no time.A. to find injuredB. finding injuredC. to be found injuredD. found injured27. The big fire lasted as long as 24 hours _____ it was brought under control.A. afterB. beforeC. sinceD. while28. In this workshop, the output of July was three times _____ of January.A. thatB. thisC. oneD. it29. Seeing her father come back, _____.A. tears ran down her cheeksB. her tears ran outC. she burst into tearsD. tears burst into her30. _____ singer and _____ dancer is also good at drawing.A. The; aB. The; theC. A; aD. The; /31. It's such a difficult problem _____ no one can work it out.A. asB. thatC. soD. thus32. I'd rather you _____ there next week.A. wentB. goC. should have goneD. had gone33. By the end of this term, we _____ 3,000 English words in all.A. will learnB. will have learnedC. learnedD. had learned34. _____ is known to all, the earth moves around the sun once a year.A. ThatB. AsC. WhatD. It35. _____ I admit that she has shortcomings, I still like her.A. WhenB. AsC. WhileD. Once36. Student: Professor Wang, must I hand in the paper this week?Professor Wang: No, _____. You can hand it in next week.A. you mustn'tB. you can'tC. you needn'tD. you shouldn't37. If I _____ you, I wound go now and wait for them at the station.A. amB. wasC. wereD. have been38. Ted, _____ yourself and don't get your coat dirty again, or you will get into trouble!A. behaveB. makeC. performD. take39. In the dead man's bedroom the police found several important _____ which pointed to Blake as the murderer.A. careersB. cluesC. challengesD. dreams40. The old man sitting on the park bench seemed _____ to me, yet I couldn't possibly remember where we had met before.A. proudB. gradualC. familiarD. mental41. They go to work every day _____ Saturday and Sunday. Those days are holidays.A. besidesB. onC. fromD. except42. She has _____ chance to win the election as her opponent is too strong.A. littleB. a littleC. fewD. a few43. Today Bob was late again for class because he overslept（睡过头）, but he _____ an excuse of being ill.A. looked upB. made upC. put upD. took up44. You have to _____ early in the morning to avoid the rush hour.A. set asideB. set outC. set upD. set in45. _____ I fixed the plug properly, I still got an electric shock.A. BecauseB. HoweverC. AlthoughD. WhenPart III Identification (10%)
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.（A）（B）（C）46. The harder he worked, the most troubles he had in （D）his early days of research.（A）（B）（C）（D）47. I don't know that who is responsible for the car accident.（A）（B）（C）48. Can you tell me when does the last train leave （D）for Shanghai?（A）（B）49. Peter, the tallest boy in our class, are going back to （C）（D）his hometown next week.（A）（B）50. Now that we have lost all the money, it's no use to turn （C）（D）on me and saying it's all my fault.（A）（B）51. The engineers made two big plans for the dam, one of
（C）（D）what was never put in use.（A）（B）52. No matter whenever I have to give a speech, I get （C）（D）extremely nervous before I start.（A）（B）（C）53. Only when he apologizes for his rudeness I will （D）speak to him again.（A）（B）（C）54. To eat at the restaurant before, Tina didn't want to （D）go there again.（A）（B）（C）55. I believe Bob's homework is much good than it （D）was last week.Part IV Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
In an old town lived a merchant. He earned huge profits by fair means and foul（恶劣的）. With more profits flowing in, he became more and more 56 . He complained when his wife wanted money to 57 the home. He criticized her when she prepared 58 dishes or bought expensive clothes.
“Money doesn't grow on trees,” he 59 his children when they asked for money to buy books and new dresses. When his sisters, brothers and cousins came to ask for 60 , he drove them away.
61 he grew richer, he became more miserly（吝啬的）. He 62 the cook, the maid and the gardener. “No, who will pay them? All of us must share the work and thus avoid 63 of money,” he told his wife and children.
“What will you do with all this money?” they asked.
But he drove them away, 64 , “I will do 65 I like with my money. I earn it. I will save it. I will become the richest man in the town. Wait and see.”
It 66 him many years to become the richest man in town. But none had a good word to say about him. The people laughed at him, “Money Bag.” They named him “King Miser.”
The merchant became worried day by day 67 his bad name. How could he get a good name? He finally went to an elder and 68 advice.“Shall I open a charitable（慈善的）hospital? 69 a school for the children of the poor? Open a chain of poor homes?” he asked.
“Not a bad idea. In fact, I would normally have recommended such kind of charity. But it will cost a lot of money,” the elder 70 out.
“I am ready to spend some money to win name and 71 ,” the merchant replied.
“How can you even think of helping strangers? Should you not attend to the 72 of your near and dear ones first? Can't you see your wife and children going around 73 poor clothes? How hungry they look? Do they have even enough food every day? Listen. Do your 74 to your family, first. Help your brothers and sisters and other members of the family who are poor. Opening hospitals for the poor or schools for the children of the poor must come 75 . Charity begins at home,” saying this, the wise man sent the merchant away.1. A. honest
D. generous2. A. run
D. visit3. A. friendly
D. effective4. A. scolded
D. worried5. A. scheme
D. help6. A. No matter how
C. As long as
D. Where7. A. invited
D. dismissed8. A. exchange
D. increase9. A. screaming
D. weeping10. A. why
D. which11. A. drew
D. took12. A. above
D. within13. A. taught
D. searched14. A. Instruct
D. Perform15. A. pointed
D. stepped16. A. price
D. fame17. A. sights
D. pays18. A. at
D. on19. A. origin
D. duty20. A. later
D. beforePart V Translation (20%)Section A
Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.
76. This project, called Mars One, aims to send a small group of people to Mars in 2022.
77. The biggest road block could be the mission's huge cost.
78. lf a park visitor is hurt or in danger, cell phones make it easier to get help.
79. Pre-school can help close this gap.
80. Some critics say that sending children to school at the age of four does not work.Section B
Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.