四级词汇词根+联想记忆法(乱序版)(txt+pdf+epub+mobi电子书下载)

作者:俞敏洪

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四级词汇词根+联想记忆法(乱序版)

四级词汇词根+联想记忆法(乱序版)试读:

核心单词表

Word List 1

词根、词缀预习表inter- 在…之间 intermediate adj. 中间的;中级的prim- 第一;主要的 prime adj. 首要的;最好的pro- 向前,在前;很多;赞同,亲… proportion n. 比例;部分circum 周围 circumstance n. 情况,条件ment 想,心智 mental adj. 精神的,思想上的opt 选择 option n. 选择pregn 拿住 pregnant adj. 怀孕的,妊娠的scribe, script 写 describe vt. 形容,描写sect 切割 sector n. 部分,部门[sin'siə]sincere

adj. 真诚的,真挚的【记】联想记忆:sin(罪)+cere→把自己的罪过告诉你→真挚的,真诚的【例】My respect to your family is very sincere. 我对贵家族的尊敬是非常诚挚的。词源罗马的采石工人常常在大理石上涂蜡,以掩饰其瑕疵。罗马元老院颁令大理石必须“无蜡”(sine cera)。后合成英语单词sincere,词义由“无蜡的”引申为“纯粹的”,进而又引申为“真挚的”、“真诚的”。[muːd]mood

n. 心情;情绪,(动词的)语气【记】联想记忆:心情(mood)不好也不能暴饮暴食(food)【考】be(not)in the mood (for sth./to do sth.) 有/没有做某事的心情【题】My father seemed to be in no____to look at my school report. (1999.1)】

A)mood

B)emotion

C)attitude

D)feeling【解】选A。emotion:情绪,情感;attitude:态度,看法;feeling:感觉,情感。['stætik]static

adj. 静的,静态的;静止的,停滞的

n. 静电【记】联想记忆:stat(看作state处于某种状态)+ic(…的)→静态的【例】House prices, which have been static for several months, are now rising again. 房价稳定了几个月后,现在又上涨了。['senətə]senator

n. 参议员【记】来自senate(n. 参议院)['hɔbi]hobby

n. 业余爱好,癖好[læd]lad

n. 男孩,小伙子[i'kwip]equip

vt. 装备,配备;(智力、体力上)使有准备【记】参考:equipment(n. 设备)【例】A good education will equip your children to get a good job. 良好的教育有助于孩子找到好工作。[fraun]frown

vi. 皱眉,蹙额【记】和brown(adj. 褐色的)一起记【例】Paul frowned but said nothing. 保罗皱起了眉头但什么也没说。['fɑ:sən]fasten

vt. 扎牢,扣住【记】联想记忆:fast(牢固地)+en(使)→扎牢【例】Fasten your seat belt. 系紧你的安全带。['sɔftwɛə]software

n. 软件[stəː]stir

v. 动,拨动;使微动;激动;(某种感情)产生

n. 搅拌,搅动;激动,骚乱【考】stir up 激起,挑起【例】They both stir their coffee. 他俩都在搅动咖啡。//Ang Lee's film has caused a stir in America. 李安的电影在美国引起轰动。[ˌdistri'bjuːʃən]distribution

n. 分发,分配;分布['fleksəbəl]flexible

adj. 易弯曲的;灵活的【记】词根记忆:flex(弯曲)+ible(易…的)→易弯曲的【例】We need a foreign policy that is more flexible. 我们需要更有弹性的外交政策。[sə'luːʃən]solution

n. 解决;解决办法;溶液【记】来自solve(v. 解决,解答)【考】solution to the problem 问题的解决方法【题】A____to this problem is expected to be found before long. (1998.1)

A)result

B)response

C)settlement

D)solution【解】选D。solution与to搭配,表示解决问题的方法。result:结果,成效;response:回答,响应,反应;settlement:解决(一般不与介词to连用)。['pænl]panel

n. 专门小组;面,板;控制板,仪表盘【记】词根记忆:pan(面板)+el(小)→面,板['ministri]ministry

n. (政府的)部[sjuː'priːm]supreme

adj. 最高的,最大的;极度的;最重要的【记】联想记忆:supre(看作super超过)+me→超越自我→最高的【例】supreme court 最高法院[di'skraib]describe

vt. 形容,描写;画出(图形等)【记】词根记忆:de(加强)+scribe(写)→描写【例】Paul started to describe a couple of broadleaf trees on the paper. 保罗开始在纸上画几棵阔叶树。[lim]limb

n. 肢,臂,腿;树枝【记】和climb一起记,如果没有c就不能爬了['səːkəmstəns][pl.]circumstance

n. 情况,条件,境遇;境况,经济情况【记】词根记忆:circum(周围)+stance(站)→周围的存在→境遇【考】under no circumstances 无论如何不,决不;in / under the circum-stances 在这种情况下,(情况)既然如此【例】Under no circumstances can we betray our country. 无论如何我们都不能背叛自己的祖国。

[kɔː]core

n. 果实的心;核心,要点【考】at the core of 在…的核心;在…的中心【例】Throw away the apple because of the core. 因噎废食。//Debt is at the core of the problem. 债务是问题的核心。[ə'sistənt]assistant

n. 助手,助理,助教

adj. 助理的,辅助的【例】an assistant coach 助理教练[mes]mess

n. 凌乱状态,脏乱状态;混乱的局面,困境

vt. 弄糟,弄脏,搞乱【例】The travel agents messed up the arrangements and there was no room for us at the hotel. 旅行社搞乱了安排,结果旅店里没有我们可以住的房间了。['mainəs]minus

n. 负数;减号

adj. 负的

prep. 减(去)【记】联想记忆:min(小的)+ us→把东西变小(的符号)→减号;减(去)[stə'tistik][pl.]statistic

n. 统计数值,统计资料;统计学【记】联想记忆:stat(看作state国家)+istic→常听到这样的表达:据国家统计数据表明→统计数值['pregnənt]pregnant

adj. 怀孕的,妊娠的【记】词根记忆:pregn(拿住)+ant→拿住,怀有→怀孕的['sektə]sector

n. 部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形[di'tekʃən]detection

n. 察觉,发觉;侦查,探测【例】By flying low, the plane was able to avoid detection by the enemy radar. 这架飞机低空飞行避开了敌人的雷达。['stætjuː]statue

n. 塑像,雕像,铸像【记】联想记忆:sta(看作stand站立)+tue→雕像一般都是站立着的[braid]bride

n. 新娘【记】联想记忆:看着美丽的新娘(bride),他感到很骄傲(pride)['saikəl]cycle

n./v. (骑)自行车,(骑)摩托车;循环【例】the cycle of the seasons 四季的交替['sɔːsə]saucer

n. 茶托,碟子【记】联想记忆:sauc(e)(调味料)+er→盛调味料的东西→碟子['skilfəl]skillful

adj. 灵巧的,娴熟的【例】It must be very difficult for them to be trained as very skillful acrobats. 把他们训练成技巧高超的特技演员肯定很难。[ˌsivilai'zeiʃən]civilization

n. 文明,文化,开化【记】来自civilize(v. 使文明)['əuvəhed][ˌəuvə'hed]overhead

adj. 在头顶上的,架空的

n. 经常费用,管理费用

adv. 在头顶上【记】组合词:over(在…之上)+head(头)→在头顶上的【例】The large overhead reduced the company's profits. 大笔的管理费用减少了公司的利润。[klæʃ]clash

vi. 发生冲突;不协调;砰地相撞;发出刺耳的撞击声

n. 冲突;不协调;(金属等的)刺耳的撞击声【记】象声词:物体撞碎的声音【例】Troops clashed near the border. 部队在边境处交火。//the clash of swords 剑的碰击声[grɑ:nt]grant

n. 授给物

vt. 授予,给予【记】联想记忆:授予(grant)显赫的(grand)贵族爵位【例】As my wife, I think you should grant me this favor. 作为我的妻子,我认为你应该给我这份关切。[bɔnd]bond

n. 联结,联系;公债;契约,合同

v. (使)黏合,(使)结合【记】发音记忆:“绑得”→绑在一起→联结;合同【例】the bond market 证券市场 //They would be bonded together in love for ever. 爱让他们永远在一起。[stɑ:f]staff

n. 工作人员;参谋

vt. 为…配备人员【记】联想记忆:每一个明星(star)后面都跟着一群工作人员(staff)【例】The staff isn't adequately prepared. 那个员工没做好充分准备。【辨】staff, personnel, crew

staff主要指商务、教育、机关等的工作人员;personnel指军职或公职人员;crew特指飞机、轮船、列车等交通工具上的全体工作人员。[ˌintə'miːdiət]intermediate

adj. 中间的;中级的【记】词根记忆:inter(在…之间,相互)+medi(中间)+ate(具有…的)→中间的【辨】intermediate, middle

intermediate指在时间、空间、程度等方面介于…之间;middle指与两端或多端等距离的中点。[gi'tɑ:]guitar

n. 吉他,六弦琴【记】发音记忆:“吉他”[ˌkɔmpri'hensiv]comprehensive

adj. 广泛的;综合的;理解的【例】The police wanted a more comprehensive investigation of your status. 警方要对你的身份做更加全面的调查。['prezəns]presence

n. 出席,到场;存在;仪表,仪态【记】来自present(v. 存在)【考】in one's presence 当着某人的面,有某人在场;presence of mind 镇定自若【例】The boy pretended to study hard in his mother's presence. 当着妈妈的面,小男孩假装努力学习。[ə'plaiəns]appliance

n. 用具,器具,器械【记】联想记忆:appli(看作apply运用)+ance(表性质)→可用的东西→用具,器具【例】What is the cost of repairing an appliance? 修理一件家电要多少钱?['kuʃən]cushion

n. 垫子,坐垫,靠垫【记】发音记忆:“苦行”→苦行僧盘腿在垫子上打坐→垫子[i'məːdʒənsi]emergency

n. 紧急情况,突然事件【记】联想记忆:emerg(看作emerge出现)+ency→紧急情况突然出现→紧急情况,突然事件【题】A fire engine must have priority as it usually has to deal with some kind of____.(2002.12)

A)precaution

B)crisis

C)emergency

D)urgency【解】选C。deal with emergency:处理紧急情况。precaution:预防,防范;crisis:危机,决定性时刻;urgency:紧急,催促。[sɔlv]solve

vt. 解答,解释,解决【例】Bruce has solved the problem of eating the steak. 布鲁斯已经解决了吃牛排的问题。【辨】solve, settle

注意solve与settle的搭配区别:solve a problem/puzzle/difficulties;settle a quarrel/question/dispute。['leibəl]label

n. 标签,标记,符号

vt. 贴标签于;把…称为【记】联想记忆:lab(实验室)+el→实验室里的试剂瓶上贴有标签【题】The____stuck on the envelope says “By Air”. (2002.1)

A)diagram

B)label

C)signal

D)mark【解】选B。diagram:图形,图表;signal:信号;mark:记号,符号。[slim]slim

adj. 苗条的;薄的;(机会)少的 v. (用运动、节食等)减轻体重,变苗条【记】联想记忆:s+lim(有限的)→减肥必须有个限度→减轻体重【例】There's a slim chance that he may become the Prime Minister. 他当选首相的机会很小。//Some people will gain weight, no matter how hard they try to slim. 有些人无论怎样努力减肥体重都会增加。['stætəs]status

n. 地位,身份;情形,状况【记】联想记忆:stat(看作state声明)+us(我们)→声明我们是谁→身份【辨】status, rank, class

status指人的身份或地位;rank指世袭的、军队的、社会的阶级;class指人的社会阶层。【题】The clothes a person wears may express his____or social position. (2000.6)

A)curiosity

B)status

C)determination

D)significance【解】选B。句意:一个人的衣着可以显示出他的身份或社会地位。curiosity:好奇心,求知欲;determination:决定,决心;significance:意义,重要性。['stedi]steady

adj. 稳的,平稳的;稳定的,持续的;稳固的

vt. (使)稳定【记】联想记忆:st+eady(看作ready准备)→事先有准备,心里就有底→稳的;稳定的【例】Julia doesn't have a steady income. 朱莉娅没有稳定的收入。//You'd better get a job first and steady down. 你最好先找个工作稳定下来。[in'kluːd]include

vt. 包括,包含【记】词根记忆:in(进入)+clud(关)+e→关进里面→包括,包含;参考:exclude(v. 把…排除在外)【例】True freedom includes more than economic freedom. 真正的自由不仅仅包括经济自由。[ri'zistəns]resistance

n. 反抗,抵制;抵抗力;抵抗性;阻力;电阻[praim]prime

adj. 首要的;最好的 n. 青春;全盛时期

vt. 使准备好【记】词根记忆:prim(主要的)+e→首要的【例】the prime minister 首相 //Tom was very rich in his prime. 汤姆年轻的时候非常有钱。[æm'bæsədə]ambassador

n. 大使,使节,派驻国际组织的代表[di'raiv]derive

v. 取得;起源【记】联想记忆:de+rive(r)(河)→黄河是中华文明的发源地→起源【考】derive from 得自,由来,衍生【辨】derive, acquire, benefit, reward

derive 取得;acquire 获得;benefit 受益;reward 酬劳【题】How much of your country's electrical supply is____from water power?(2003.1)

A)deduced

B)detached

C)derived

D)declined【解】选C。deduce:推论,演绎;detach:分开,分离;decline:下降,下倾。['spɔnsə]sponsor

n. 发起者

vt. 发起;资助,赞助;支持【记】联想记忆:spon(看作spoon勺子)+sor(…者)→举勺子的人→发起者【例】Those programs are sponsored by a student organization. 那些项目是由一个学生组织发起的。//government-sponsored projects 政府资助的项目[prə'pɔːʃən]proportion

n. 比例;部分,份儿;均衡;相称【记】词根记忆:pro(许多)+portion(一部分)→按比例分成小份儿【考】in proportion to 与…成比例,与…相称【例】John's earnings are not in proportion to his ability. 约翰的收入和他的能力不相称。['mentl]mental

adj. 心理的,精神的,思想上的;(治疗)精神病的;智力的【记】词根记忆:ment(想,心智)+al(…的)→精神的【例】mental anguish 内心的痛苦 //mental disorder 精神错乱 //a mental test 智力测验[pʌntʃ]punch

vt. 猛击;穿孔

n. 猛击;冲床;穿孔机;力量,效力【记】发音记忆:“乓哧”(重击的声音)→猛击【例】The conductor walked through the train, punching everyone's ticket. 列车员走过列车,在每个人的票上打了孔。[ri'zʌlt]result

n. 成果;比分

vi. 发生,结果【考】result in 导致;result from 起因于;as a result 作为结果;as a result of 由于【题】A love marriage, however, does not necessarily____much sharing of interests and responsibilities.(1996.1)

A)take over

B)result in

C)hold on

D)keep to【解】选B。句意:然而,恋爱结婚的结果未必是共同分享利益,并且共同承担责任。take over:接管,接收;hold on:紧握,等一会儿;keep to:遵守,坚持。['klaiənt]client

n. 委托人,当事人,顾客【例】a meeting with an important client 与一位重要客户的会议['stiːmə]steamer

n. 轮船,汽船【记】联想记忆:steam(蒸汽)+er→使用蒸汽作动力的船→汽船['ɔpʃən]option

n. 选择,选择权,选择自由;(供)选择的事物(或人);选课【记】词根记忆:opt(选择)+ion→选择,选择权【例】There are a number of options available. 有很多种选择。//There are four options in the college. 这所大学有四门选修课。['dɔːmitəri]dormitory

n. 集体寝室,宿舍['ætitjuːd]attitude

n. 态度,看法;姿势【记】发音记忆:“爱踢球的”→尽管人们对国足态度不一,但青少年踢球的热情无法阻挡→态度【考】attitude toward(s) 对…的看法、态度【例】What is the author's overall attitude toward fridges? 作者对冰箱总的看法是什么?[stiːp]steep

adj. 险峻的,陡峭的;(价格等)过高的;急剧的(上升或下降)【记】联想记忆:step(阶梯)中又加一个e→更高了→陡峭的【例】It's very steep here and the surface is a little slippery. 这儿很陡,地面还有点儿滑。//Consumers are rebelling at steep price increases. 消费者对飞涨的物价很反感。['eidʒənsi]agency

n. 经办,代理,代理处;(政府等的)专门行政部门【记】词根记忆:ag(行动)+ency(表状态)→代为行动→代理【例】The new travel agency is unreliable. 这家新旅行社靠不住。[stiə]steer

v. 为…操舵;引导;驾驶【记】联想记忆:steel(钢铁)的l变为r→铁船→掌舵,操纵【考】steer clear of 绕开,避开【例】You may want to steer clear of the word “dumped”. 你可能会避开“dumped”这个词。//Daniel steered them into the nearest seats. 丹尼尔将他们引到最近的座位上。['skændl]scandal

n. 丑事,丑闻;流言飞语;反感,愤慨【记】联想记忆:scan(扫描)+dal→扫描时事,揭露丑闻→丑闻,丑事;参考:Watergate Scandal 水门事件【例】a financial scandal 经济丑闻Today is the first day of the rest of my life, I wake as a child to see the world begin. On monarch wings and birthday wonderings, want to put on faces, walk in the wet and cold. And look forward to my growing old, to grow is to change, to change is to be new, to be new is to be young again, I barely remember when.——美国乡村歌手约翰·丹佛(John Denver)

Word List 2

词根、词缀预习表ob- 逆,倒,加强意义 object vi. 反对,不赞成celer 速度 accelerate vt. 加速bio 生物,生命 biology n. 生物学,生态学creed, cred 相信,信任 incredible adj. 不能相信的,不可信的part 部分 partial adj. 部分的;不公正的sign 加上记号 signature n. 署名,签字-el (名词后缀) 小;人,集体;物,场所 personnel n. [总称]人员,员工-ious (形容词后缀)…的,有…性质的 cautiousadj. 十分小心的,谨慎的['definit]definite

adj. 明确的,肯定的【记】词根记忆:de+fin(范围)+ite→划定范围的→明确的【题】I'm not sure whether I can gain any profit from the investment, so I can't make a(n)____promise to help you. (1996.1)

A)exact

B)defined

C)definite

D)sure【解】选C。make definite promise:明确地许诺。句意:我不能肯定这项投资能否获利,因此也不能明确许诺一定会帮助你。exact:确切的,精确的;defined:规定的;sure:可靠的。['kɔːʃəs]cautious

adj. 十分小心的,谨慎的【记】联想记忆:caut(看作cat)+ious(…的)→像猫一样的→小心的,谨慎的【题】They are____investors who always make thorough investigations both on local and international markets before making an investment. (2003.6)

A)implicit

B)conscious

C)cautious

D)indecisive【解】选C。句意:他们是谨慎的投资者,在投资前总是会全面调查国内外市场。implicit:暗示的,含蓄的;conscious:有意识的,故意的;indecisive:非决定性的。[prɛə]prayer

n. 祷告,祈祷;祷文;祈求,祈望[nest]nest

n. 巢,窝,穴

v. 筑巢【记】联想记忆:在巢(nest)里休息(rest)【例】There are no birds of this year in last year's nests. 时过境迁。[də'mestik]domestic

adj. 本国的;家庭的;驯养的【记】词根记忆:dom(家)+estic(…的)→家庭的【例】domestic affairs 国内事务 //domestic markets 国内市场[tʃest]chest

n. 胸腔,胸膛;箱子['ɛəlain]airline

n. 航空公司;航线【记】组合词:air(空中)+line(线)→航线['rebəl][ri'bel]rebel

n. 反叛分子,反对者

vi. 反叛,造反;反对,不服从【记】联想记忆:re(反)+bel(看作bell战争)→发动了反对的战争→反叛【例】The forces rebelled against the government. 军队起义反抗政府。[ˌsætis'fæktəri]satisfactory

adj. 令人满意的【记】联想记忆:satisf(y)(使满意)+act(做)+ory(…的)→做得令人满意的【例】I never got a satisfactory answer. 我从未得到过满意的答复。[stem]stem

n. 茎,(树)干;词干 v. 起源;堵住,止住,停住【考】stem from 起源于【例】Difficulty in concentration among students stem from the same factor. 学生们注意力难以集中源于同样的原因。//an attempt to stem the decline in profits 阻止利润下滑的努力['rendə]render

vt. 使得,致使;给予,提供;翻译【记】联想记忆:给予(render)后自然成为出借人(lender)【例】Tom had a chance to render some service to his country. 汤姆获得了为祖国效力的机会。//Tony wants to render the tales into English. 托尼想把这些神话故事翻译成英文。['ɔbdʒikt][əb'dʒekt]object

n. 实物,物体;目的,目标;对象,客体;宾语

vi. 反对,不赞成【记】词根记忆:ob(反)+ject(扔)→反向扔→反对【考】object to sb./sth. 反对(某人),不赞成(某事)【例】They object to man-made cool simply because they like hot weather. 因为喜爱炎热的天气,所以他们反对人造冷气。['gɑ:dnə]gardener

n. 园丁,花匠[ʃriŋk]shrink

v. (使)起皱,(使)收缩;退缩,畏缩【题】The advertisement says this material doesn't____in the wash, but it has. (2003.6)

A)contract

B)shrink

C)slim

D)dissolve【解】选B。contract:使缩短;slim:变细,减肥;dissolve:溶解,解散。[pə'reid]parade

n. 游行,检阅

v. (使)游行,(使)列队前进【记】词根记忆:para(旁边)+de→展示给旁边的人看→游行【例】Children in colorful costumes parade up and down the streets. 孩子们穿着五颜六色的服装在街上到处游行。['ruːmə]rumour

n. 谣传,谣言【记】发音记忆:“辱骂”→谣言往往比辱骂更易伤人[rʌg]rug

n. (小)地毯[i'stæbliʃ]establish

vt. 建立,设立;确立;证实【记】联想记忆:est(存在)+abl(看作able可…的)+ish(使…)→使…可以存在的→建立【例】The evidence clearly establishes their guilt. 证据清楚地证实他们有罪。【辨】establish, build, construct, found, set up

establish强调稳固地建成,可指实物,也可指抽象事物;build最常用,指建造房子、道路、桥梁等实物,又可指建立理论、体系等抽象事物;construct常与build通用,但更为正式;found有奠基、打下基础的意思;set up则着重开始、着手建立的意思。['praimərəli]primarily

adv. 首先;主要地【例】The article is primarily concerned with pollution. 这篇文章主要谈及污染问题。['kaindnis]kindness

n. 仁慈,好意【例】What this child needs is a little love and kindness. 这个孩子需要的是一点点爱和仁慈。[brest]breast

n. 乳房,胸脯,胸膛【记】联想记忆:经常做深呼吸(breath)有利于胸部(breast)健美【例】Jay takes out a newspaper from his breast pocket. 杰伊从上衣口袋里掏出一份报纸。['stiki]sticky

adj. 黏性的;(天气)湿热的【记】来自stick(v. 粘住)[buːst]boost

vt. 提高,增加;推动,激励;替…做广告,宣扬 n. 提高,增加;推动,激励【例】The information industry helps boost the global economy. 信息业推进全球经济发展。//a multi-million pound boost for the British film industry 数百万英镑的注入以推动英国电影业的发展

[fʌnd][pl.]fund

n. 资金,基金;存款

vt. 为…提供资金【记】发音记忆:“放的”→企业发放资金【例】The park remains unfinished due to lack of funds. 由于缺乏资金这个公园还没有建成。[in'kredəbəl]incredible

adj. 不能相信的,不可信的;难以置信的,不可思议的,惊人的【记】词根记忆:in(不)+cred(相信)+ible(能…的)→不能相信的【题】Some children display an____curiosity about every new thing they encounter.(1998.1)

A)incredible

B)infectious

C)incompatible

D)inaccessible【解】选A。an incredible curiosity:一种令人难以置信的好奇心。infectious:易传染的,有传染性的;incompatible:矛盾的,不一致的;inaccessible:不可及的,达不到的。[ə'brɔːd]abroad

adv. 到(在)国外;在传播,在流传【记】联想记忆:ab(离去)+road(路)→离开故乡,起程上路→(在)国外;注意:不要和aboard弄混【考】go abroad 出国【例】This summer alone, one in ten citizens will go abroad. 仅仅今年夏天,每十个公民中就有一个人出国。[di'tektiv]detective

n. 侦探,私人侦探[stif]stiff

adj. 硬的,僵直的;不灵活的;拘谨的,生硬的;费劲的;(风等)强烈的

adv. 极其,非常;僵硬地【记】联想记忆:still(静止的)的ll变为ff→僵直的【例】But seriously, the leading lady seems a little stiff. 不过,说真的,女主角似乎有点生硬。//Jesse was by now scared stiff and frozen cold. 到现在,杰西吓坏了、冻僵了。['stimjuleit]stimulate

vt. 刺激,激励,激发【题】John Dewey believed that education should be a preparation for life, that a person learns by doing, and that teaching must____the curiosity and creativity of children. (1998.6)

A)seek

B)stimulate

C)shape

D)secure【解】选B。句意:John Dewey认为教育应该为生活做准备,一个人应该通过实践来学习,并且教学应该激发孩子的好奇心和创造力。seek:寻找,探求,试图;shape:形成,塑造;secure:防卫,保护,获得。[feim]fame

n. 名声,名望【记】联想记忆:名字(name)变n为f就成了名声(fame)【辨】fame, honour, reputation

fame常指好名声;honour着重指因高尚的行为或品德而获得的荣誉和名声;reputation好坏名声都可指。【题】He wrote an article criticizing the Greek poet and won____and a scholarship. (2001.6)

A)faith

B)status

C)fame

D)courage【解】选C。win fame:赢得荣誉。句意:他写了一篇文章批评那位希腊诗人,这使他赢得了声誉和奖学金。faith:信任,信仰;status:地位;courage:勇气。[kən'sjuːm]consume

vt. 消费;吃完,喝光;毁灭;使入迷【记】联想记忆:con(全部)+sume(取)→把钱全部取出消费,吃完【考】consume with 使着迷;充满【题】In Britain people____four million tons of potatoes every year.(2000.1)

A)swallow

B)dispose

C)consume

D)exhaust【解】选C。句意:英国人每年要食用400万吨的土豆。swallow:咽,吞没;dispose:处理,布置;exhaust:用尽,耗尽(尤指精力、耐心等)。[ək'seləreit]accelerate

vt. (使)加快,(使)增速【记】词根记忆:ac(加强)+celer(速度)+ate(使…)→(使)增速【例】Environmental problems may accelerate the pace of the car's development. 环境问题可能会加速汽车发展的步伐。['laitniŋ]lightning

n. 闪电【记】联想记忆:light(光)+ning→电闪雷光→闪电[stiŋ]sting

n./v. 刺,蛰;刺痛,(使)痛苦;激怒【记】发音记忆:“死叮”→刺痛;参考:英国著名歌手Sting【例】This type of bee rarely stings. 这种蜜蜂很少叮人。//Eve had been stung by criticism. 批评激怒了伊夫。[baund]bound

adj. 一定的;有义务的

v. 跳跃;弹回,反跃;成为…的界限,给…划界;限制

n. 跳跃;界限,限制【记】和round(n. 圆)一起记【考】be/feel bound to 对…有义务的;be bound up in 热衷于,忙于;be bound up with 与…有密切关系【例】Ian felt bound to tell Joanna the truth. 伊恩觉得自己有必要告诉乔安娜真相。//I can't bear the life that was bounded by poverty. 我无法忍受为贫困所禁锢的生活。[rauz]rouse

vt. 惊起,唤起,唤醒【记】发音记忆:“扰死”→唤醒,唤起,惊起【例】What Evan had done have roused people's hatred. 埃文的行为激起了人们的憎恨。['kʌltiveit]cultivate

v. 耕,种植;培养;陶冶;发展【记】词根记忆:cult(培养,种植)+ivate(表动作)→培养,种植【例】The land was too rocky to cultivate. 这片地岩石太多无法耕种。//We must cultivate our own garden and find the joy of doing it in our own heart. 我们都要做好自己的工作,并在工作中找到精神上的乐趣。【辨】cultivate, breed, tame

cultivate耕作,栽培;breed饲养,繁殖;tame驯养,驯化,驯服[mə'tiəriəl]material

n. 材料,素材

adj. 物质的,实体的;肉体的;重要的,实质性的【例】the material world 物质世界[ˌpəːsə'nel]personnel

n. [总称]人员,员工[di'splei]display

vt. 陈列,展览;显示【记】词根记忆:dis(分开)+play(播放,表演)→分列展示→展览【例】The licence must be clearly displayed in the car windscreen. 驾驶执照必须清楚地展示在汽车的挡风玻璃上。['pɑ:tikl]particle

n. 粒子,微粒,颗粒;小品词,语助词【记】词根记忆:part(部分)+icle(东西)→微粒[frɔg]frog

n. 蛙【记】联想记忆:我与青蛙(frog)王子的邂逅像雾(fog)像雨又像风[im'preʃən]impression

n. 印象,印记【考】leave a...impression on 给…留下…的印象【题】Almost all job applicants are determined to leave a good____on a potential employer. (2006.6)

A)illusion

B)reputation

C)impression

D)reflection【解】选C。句意:绝大多数求职者都决心给有可能成为自己未来雇主的人留下好印象。illusion:幻想;reputation:名声;reflection:倒影。[bai'ɔlədʒi]biology

n. 生物学,生态学【记】词根记忆:bio(生物,生命)+logy(学科)→生物学,生态学【例】I majored in biology which is my favourite subject. 我主修生物学,那是我最喜爱的科目。[drʌŋk]drunk

adj. 醉的,陶醉的【记】联想记忆:喝(drink)多了自然会醉(drunk)['bæriə]barrier

n. 栅栏;检票口;屏障;障碍,隔阂【记】联想记忆:bar(栅栏)+rier→栅栏,障碍【题】Eye contact is important because wrong contact may create a communication____. (2002.1)

A)tragedy

B)vacuum

C)question

D)barrier【解】选D。contact是一种交流,而wrong contact就是交流障碍(communication barrier)。tragedy:悲剧,惨案,灾难;vacuum:真空;question:问题,疑问。[stɔk]stock

n. 原料,库存品;股本,公债;世系,血统;汤汁;[总称]家畜,牲畜

v. 储备 adj. 常用的,常备的【考】in stock 贮有,备有;out of stock 没有库存,缺货;take stock of 对…估价,判断【例】the buying and selling of stocks 股票的买卖 //Some families stocked their cellars with food and water. 一些家庭在地下室储存食物和水。//a stock topic of conversation 老一套的话题【题】We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are____. (1993.6)

A)out of work

B)out of stock

C)out of reach

D)out of practice【解】选B。out of work:失业;out of reach:达不到;out of practice:缺乏练习。['fiʃəmən]fisherman

n. 渔民,渔夫【记】组合词:fisher(捕鱼)+man→渔民【例】The fisherman lost his balance and pitched into the lake. 渔夫失去了平衡,掉进了湖里。[ˌpɔli'tiʃən]politician

n. 政治家,政客【记】词根记忆:politic(政治)+ian(人)→政治家['rɔiəl]royal

adj. 王室的,皇家的【记】联想记忆:忠诚(loyal)是皇家(royal)的美德【例】The royal treatment was exactly what I needed. 这种皇家待遇正是我所需要的。['bɑ:bə]barber

n. 理发师【记】发音记忆:“爸爸”→爸爸是理发师

理发师的工作就是修剪头发、胡子等。英语中表示“理发师”的barber一词即源自意为“胡须”的拉丁语barba。【例】I ask the barber not to cut my hair too short. 我让理发师不要把我的头发剪得太短。['stɔkiŋ]stocking

n. 长(统)袜['deligit]['deligeit]delegate

n. 代表,代表团成员

vt. 委派(或选举)…为代表;授(权),把…委托给【例】We decided to delegate him to attend the conference. 我们决定委派他出席这次会议。['hailait]highlight

vt. 强调,突出,使显著

n. 最精彩的部分,最重要的事件【记】组合词:high(高的)+light(发光)→突出【题】The____of our trip to London was the visit to Buckingham Palace. (2003.9)

A)summit

B)height

C)peak

D)highlight【解】选D。summit:顶点,最高点;peak:山顶,峰顶;height:高度。[di'preʃən]depression

n. 抑郁,沮丧;不景气,萧条(期);洼地,凹陷【题】Many people lost their jobs during the business____. (2003.6)

A)desperation

B)decrease

C)despair

D)depression【解】选D。business depression:商业萧条。desperation:绝望;decrease:减少;despair:失望,令人失望的人(或事)。['signitʃə]signature

n. 署名,签字,签名【记】词根记忆:sign(加上记号)+ature(表行为、状态)→在文件上做记号→签名['ætməsfiə]atmosphere

n. 大气,空气;气氛,环境【记】词根记忆:atmo+sphere(球体)→围绕地球的空气→大气【例】I like the elegant atmosphere of the old styles. 我喜欢过去的优雅气氛。[i'væljueit]evaluate

vt. 评价,估…的价【记】联想记忆:e(出)+valu(看作value价值)+ate(做)→评定出价值→评价,估计【例】You should be able to evaluate your own work. 你应该能够评价自己的工作。【题】These teachers try to be objective when they____the integrated ability of their students. (2005.1)

A)justify

B)evaluate

C)indicate

D)reckon【解】选B。句意:这些老师在评价学生综合能力的时候力求客观。justify:证明…是正当的;indicate:显示;reckon:计算。['reskjuː]rescue

n./v. 营救,救援【记】联想记忆:res(看作rest休息)+cue(线索)→救援人员放弃休息紧追线索→营救【题】All their attempts to_____the child from the burning building were in vain. (2003.12)

A)regain

B)recover

C)rescue

D)reserve【解】选C。rescue sb. from:从…中救出某人。regain:恢复,重回;recover:恢复,康复;reserve:保留,预约,保存。[ˌpəːsə'næliti]personality

n. 人格,个性;人物,名人【例】a strong personality 坚强的个性 //television personalities 电视名人['lætə]latter

adj. (两者中)后者的,后一半的【辨】latter, later

latter指两者中后者的;later指更迟的、更后的。['pɑ:ləmənt]parliament

n. 议会,国会【记】联想记忆:parlia(看作parle谈话)+ment→谈论政府的地方→议会

该词源于法语动词parler(说话),而它所指的“议会”也确实是一个说话的地方——谈论政府的地方。['input]input

n. 输入;投入的资金;输入的数据

vt. 把…输入计算机【记】来自词组put in (进入,插入)【例】The information is input to the computer system. 信息被输入电脑系统。['pɑ:ʃəl]partial

adj. 部分的;不公平的;偏爱的,偏袒的【记】来自part(n. 部分)【考】partial to 偏爱的,癖好的;偏向一方的,偏心的【题】It is said that the math teacher seems____towards bright

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