一本小小的金色语法书(txt+pdf+epub+mobi电子书下载)

作者:(加)布兰登·罗伊尔,

出版社:九州出版社

格式: AZW3, DOCX, EPUB, MOBI, PDF, TXT

一本小小的金色语法书

一本小小的金色语法书试读:

前言

F O R E W O R D

语法能力突出的人,大多是因为他们掌握了重要的语法规则,并反复运用它们。那这些规则是什么呢?这本书将告诉你答案。

在日常写作中,我们可能认为没有必要精通语法规则。只要能够通过写作达到交流的目的,何必了解语法规则?就好比,只要会开车,又何需了解发动机如何工作?

而想要真正熟练掌握基本写作技巧的人,则需要掀开写作的“面纱”仔细观察,更深入地了解写作的“发动机”如何工作。那么,我们该如何驾驭这个精巧的“组装机器”——准确地把单词和词组串连成一句话呢?

首先,我们将回顾常见的语法类别。这些语法类别涵盖了绝大部分最常见的语法问题。

其次,我们要熟悉语法术语的名称。这些术语囊括了用于构建句子的单词和词组。

最后,我们将进行单项选择题测试。通过测试来了解各个章节整体上如何相互影响。

除此之外,我们还要学习某些密切影响语法的领域。这些领域包括措辞、惯用语、编辑技巧、美式英语与英式英语、传统写作与数字写作。

本书是指导你掌握写作“语法机理”的指南。

让我们开始吧。

第1章 语法100问

在懂得如何观察规则之前,违反规则是不明智的。——T.S. 艾略特(T.S. Eliot)

本章的语法100问(Q1~Q100)是对语法、措辞和惯用语高度精练的总结。这一章的第一部分首先讲了语法,以六大语法类别为基础:

主谓一致

代词的用法

修饰

平行

比较

动词时态

。这六大语法类别把最容易出错的语法问题拆解成几类,只要我们掌握每个类别的语法规则,就可以马上运用到写作实践中去。

语法100问的答案参见第028~046页。第1章所使用的大部分术语的定义参见第2章、第3章。如果你想了解更多技巧性知识,解答第1章的问题前可以先浏览第2章、第3章的内容。主谓一致

主谓一致的首要原则是单数主语搭配单数动词,复数主语搭配复数动词。我们的目标是辨别主语的单复数,从而确定动词应该用单数还是复数。

规则1: “and”总是构成复数主语。

Q 1. An offi ce clerk and a machinist (was / were) present but unhurt by the on-site explosion.“and”是唯一能将单数名词连接起来形成复数主语的连接词。实际上,“and”总能构成复数主语,但有一个例外,见规则2。

规则2: 如果两个用“and”连接的事物被视为单一的整体,则主语为单数,谓语动词也应使用单数形式。

Q 2. Eggs and bacon (is / are) Tiffany’s favorite breakfast.

规则3: 如果一个句子的主语含有由“or”连接的两个事物,那么主语既可能为单数,也可能为复数。如果“or”连接的两个事物都是单数,则主语和谓语动词均为单数;如果“or”连接的两个事物都是复数,则主语和谓语动词均为复数;如果“or”连接的两个事物其中一个为单数,另一个为复数,则谓语动词与“or”后面的事物的单复数保持一致。

Q 3. In the game of chess, capturing one knight or three pawns (yields / yield) the same point value.

规则4: “伪复合主语”不能使单数主语变成复数。伪复合主语包括:as well as, along with, besides, in addition to和together with。

Q 4. A seventeenth-century oil painting, along w ith several antiquevases, (has / have) been p laced on the auction block.

规则5: 介词短语(即由介词引导的短语)永远不含句子主语。

最常见的介词包括 of、 in、 to、 by、 for和 from。“介词”的定义及其他语法术语的汇总参见第2章(第051页)。

Q 5. The purpose of the executive, adm inistrative and legislative branches of government (is / are) to provide a system of checks and balances.

规则6: “There is/There are”和“Here is/Here are”句型结构,体现了动词置于主语前面而非后面的特殊情形。

英文句子的正常顺序是主语—谓语—宾语(S-V-O)。“There is/There are”和“Here is/Here are”句型结构很奇特,因为它们形成了主语位于动词之后的结构。因此,这些句子结构要求我们跳过动词——在这个句型中的动词即“is”或“are”——再来辨别主语。

Q 6. Here (is / are) the introduction and chapters one through fi ve.Q 7. (Is / are) there any squash courts available?注意:人们常犯的一个错误是主语为复数却使用单数缩写形式“Here’s”。比如 :Here’s the pictures you asked about.这个句子的缩写“Here’s”表示的是“Here is”,因此这个句子可以写成:Here is the pictures you asked about.而这个句子的正确形式为 :Here are the pictures you asked about.而“Here’s the list you were looking for”这个句子就没错,因为单数“list”和“is”的数一致。

规则7: 当动名词和不定式充当句子的主语时,它们通常为单数,要求动词也为单数。

Q 8. Entertaining multiple goals (makes / make) a person’s life stressful.

规则8: 不定代词如“-one”“-body”“-thing”等都是单数。

Q 9. One in every three new businesses (fails / fail) w ithin the fi rst five years of operation.

规则9: 某些不定代词如“both”“few”“many”“several”等都是复数。

Q 10. Few of the students, if any, (is / are) ready for the test.

列表1.1 不定代词汇总表单数或复数  示例anybody, anyone, anything

each,either,every,everybody,everyone,everything

neither,nobody, no one, nothing,one,somebody, someone,something

特定不定代词总是复数 both,few,many,several特定不定代词可能是单数,也可能是复数总是单数的不定代词all,any,most,none,some

规则10: 不定代词“some”和“none”可能是单数,也可能是复数。

Q 11. Some of the story (makes / make) sense.

Q 12. Some of the comedians (was / were) hilarious.

Q 13. None of the candidates (has / have) any previous political experience.

规则11: 在“either … or”和“neither … nor”结构中,动词的数与紧跟在“or” 或“nor”后面的主语保持一致。

Q 14. Either Johann or Cecilia (is / are) qualifi ed to act as manager.

Q 15. Neither management nor workers (is / are) satisfi ed w ith the new contract.

规则12: 表示群体的集体名词(如family、government、assembly、crew)。如果集体名词所指的是某个群体的整体,或者倾向于表示整体,则用单数,否则用复数。

Q 16. Our group (is / are) meeting at 6 p.m..

Q 17. A group of latecomers (was / were) escorted to their seats.

规则13: “the number”是单数名词,动词用单数。“a number”是复数名词,动词用复数。

Q 18. The number of road accidents (has / have) decreased.Q 19. A number of train accidents (has / have) occurred.

规则14: 跟在“of短语”后面的百分数或分数,动词可以用单数也可以用复数,关键取决于“of短语”中的名词是单数还是复数。Q 20. Fifty percent of video gam ing (is / are) having great refl exes.Q 21. Two-thirds of their classmates (has / have) wake-boards.

规则15: 对于金钱(如dollars、pounds)、时间(如fi ve years、the fi fties)、重量(如pounds、kilograms)或容量(gallons、litres),动词用单数。

Q 22. Ten dollars (is / are) an average daily wage for many people in the developing world.代词的用法

有关代词用法的问题以人称代词最为典型。产生困惑的有三大块:人称代词主格或宾格的选择,代词和先行词数的一致,上下文中代词指代不明。

规则16: 一般来说,代词位于句首或靠近句首时用主格;位于句尾或靠近句尾时用宾格。不过,准确的规则是,当代词是一个动词的主语时用主格,是动词的宾语时用宾格。Q 23. The present is from Beth and (she / her).

Q 24. Cousin Vinny and (he / him) are both valedictorians.

规则17: 当代词是介词的直接宾语时用宾格。

Q 25. Between you and (I / me), this plan makes a lot of sense.列表1.2 人称代词汇总表

Q 26. Do not ask for (who / whom) the bell tolls.

Q 27. People like you and (I / me) should know better.

规则18: 用“than”或“as … as”构成比较结构时,通过补充“省略的词”(如下面例句的动词),来确定代词的正确形式。Q 28. My nephew is taller than (I / me).Q 29. We skate as fast as (they / them).Q 30. During our group presentation, our teacher asked you m ore questions than (I / me).

规则19: Who与Whom。“who”是代词的主格, “whom” 是宾格。如果根据上下文可以用“he” “she”或“they”替代,则正确形式是“who”。如果根据上下文可以用“him” “her”或“them”替代,则正确形式是“whom”。

Q 31. The woman (who / whom) is responsible for pension planning is M rs.Green.

Q 32. This gift is intended for (who / whom)?

规则20: 可以用一般的人称代词时,不要用反身代词(以“-self”结尾的代词)。

Q 33. The tour leader told Julie and (me / myself) to turn off our cell phones.

Q 34. Young Robert hurt (him / himself) while climbing alone.

规则21: 代词必须与先行词保持数的一致。

Q 35. A not-for-profi t, like any other organization, has (its / their) own rules and regulations to follow.

Q 36. Everybody should mind (his or her / their) own business.

注意:现在有种“单数they”的说法。尽管在正式写作(和正式演讲)中,人们认为这种用法不恰当,但是在非正式写作(和口语)中,常常会看到或听到人们用“they”指代单数主语。例如:Any parent knows that they have to be involved in a child’s education.虽然“parent”是单数,但却搭配了复数代词“they”。规则22: 代词语义要清楚。如果代词没有清楚地指代某个特定的名词,就会出现“代词指代不明”的情形。

指代不明 Sam never argues w ith his father when he is drunk.

Q 37. Sam never argues w ith his father when ________is drunk.

规则23: “代词转移”也称为“视角转移”,它涉及代词在人称或数上的不一致。在单个句子(或整个段落或一篇文章)中,第一人称应搭配第一人称,第二人称搭配第二人称,第三人称搭配第三人称。常见的错误是第三人称“one”或 “a person” 搭配第二人称“you”。另一种错误是第三人称单数 “he” “she”“one”或“a person”搭配第三人称复数“they”。

错误 To know that a person can’t vote is to know that you don’t have a voice.Q 38. To know that a person can’t vote is to know that ________ have a voice.错误 One cannot really understand another country until they have studied its history and culture.

Q 39. One cannot really understand another country until ________ studied its history and culture.修饰

修饰语,包括修饰短语,应当尽可能靠近它们修饰的名词。英语作为屈折语,构建修饰关系非常依赖词序。因此,单词的位置很重要。大部分修饰语依附于它们在句中“占有”的第一件事物,但这并不一定准确,所以容易产生混乱。

规则24: 错置修饰语是指由于词的位置而不能再对最初意图修饰的内容进行修饰的词。

错误 He told her he wanted to marry her frequently.

Q 40. He ______ told her he wanted to marry her.错误 Coming out of the wood, the janitor was surprised to fi nd term ites.Q 41. The janitor was surprised to fi nd term ites_____________________.

规则25: 悬垂结构是指句中被修饰的事物缺失的情形。

错误 A fter w riting the introduction, the rest of the report was easy.

Q 42. A fter w riting the introduction, __________ easily drafted the rest

of the report.

错误 Walking along the shore, fi sh could be seen jumping in the lake.Q 43. Walking along the shore, __________ could see fi sh jumping in the lake.

规则26: 有时,修饰语或修饰短语由于其所处的位置,恰好可以修饰两个词或短语中的任意一个。这种情形就造成了“歧形修饰语”,因为不知道被修饰的到底是哪个词或短语。这时,作者应考虑重写句子,以便清除这种模糊性。错误 She said in her offi ce she had a copy of the map.Q 44. She said she had __________ lying in her offi ce.

规则27: 当一个句子以短语或从句开头并用逗号隔开时,观察逗号后面的第一个单词,检查句首的短语或从句对它的修饰是否恰当。

错误 In addition to building organizational skills, the summer internship also helped me hone my team-building skills.Q 45. In addition to building organizational skills, ____________________.错误 An incredibly complex mechanism, there are some 10 billion nerve

cells in the brain.

Q 46. An incredibly com plex m echanism, __________has som e 10 billion nerve cells.错误 Based on our observations, the project w ill succeed.

Q 47. _______________________.平行

平行既是风格问题也是语法问题。换句话说,某些元素基于原理,看的是效果好坏、水平高低,而其他元素则基于规则,看的是正确与否。

平行的总体原则是句子中相似的元素必须写成相似的形式。规则28: 动词的形式应当一致。通常是指所有动词应当以“-ed”或“-ing”结尾。

错误 In the summer before college, Max was a waiter at a restaurant,

pursued magazine sales, and even had a stint at delivering pizzas.Q 48. In the summer before college, Max __________tables, ________

magazines, and even _________pizzas.

规则29: 当介词用于三个连续的事物前面时,有两种用法:一是只在第一个事物前用一个介词(后面两个事物前面不用),二是每个事物前都用。

错误 Our neighbors went to London, A thens, and to Rome.

Q 49. Our neighbors went ________ London, Athens, and Rome.

Q 50. Our neighbors went ________ London, ________A thens, and

________ Rome.

规则30: 关联词如“either … or” “neither … nor” “not only … but also”

及“both … and”等,要求关联词的每个组成部分保持平行。

错误 Jonathan not only likes rugby but also kayaking.Q 51. Jonathan ________________________ rugby but also kayaking.Q 52. Jonathan ________________________ rugby but also ________

kayaking.

规则31: 动名词和不定式应该保持平行,尽可能使动名词搭配动名词,

不定式搭配不定式。

效果较差 Examining the works of William Shakespeare —— his plays and poetry - is to marvel at one man’s seem ingly incomparable depth of literary expression.

Q 53. _______the works of William Shakespeare — his plays and poetry— is to marvel at one man’s seem ingly incomparable depth of literary expression.

规则32: 在不影响句意的前提下,有时我们可以省略句中的一些单词。要检查错误的平行结构(这种情况下也称为省略不当),可以完善所有句子成分,确保每个部分都正确。

错误 In the Phantom of the Opera play, the music is terrifi c and the stage

props superb.

Q 54. In the Phantom of the Opera play, the music is terrifi c and the stage props ____ superb.

错误 The defendant’s own testimony on the stand neither contributed nor detracted from his claim of innocence.

Q 55. The defendant’s own testimony on the stand neither contributed ________ nor detracted from his claim of innocence.比较

比较的总体原则是同类事物之间进行对比。

规则33: 比较三个或三个以上的人或物时用最高级(“-est”);比较确切的两个人或物时用比较级(“-er”)。

Q 56. Between Tom and Brenda, Tom is (better / best) at math.

Q 57. Among our group, Jeff is the (wealthier / wealthiest) person.

Q 58. Of all the roses in our neighborhood, Chauncey Gardiner’s grow the (more/most) vigorously.

Q 59. Chauncey Gardiner’s roses grow (more / most) vigorously than any other in the neighborhood.

规则34: 做比较时要对比两个事物的特征,不要把某事物的特征与另一个事物直接进行比较。

错误 Tokyo’s population is greater than Beijing.

Q 60. Tokyo’s population is greater than the ________of Beijing.Q 61. Tokyo’s population is greater than Beijing’s________.Q 62. Tokyo’s population is greater than that of________.Q 63. Tokyo’s population is greater than ___________.错误 Of all the countries contiguous to India, Pakistan’s borders are most strongly defended.

Q 64. Of all the countries contiguous to India, _________________________.

规则35: 错误或不当比较常常是因为遗漏关键词,尤其是 “those”和“that”等指示代词,这些代词对句意而言非常关键。

错误 The attention span of a dolphin is greater than a chimpanzee.

Q 65. The attention span of a dolphin is greater than________ a chimpanzee.错误 The requirements of a medical degree are more stringent than a law degree.

Q 66. The requirements of a medical degree are more stringent than________ a law degree.

错误 Like many politicians, the senator’s prom ises sounded good but ultimately led to nothing.

Q 67. Like ______________________ many politicians, the senator’s promises sounded good but ultimately led to nothing.

规则36: “like”和短语共用,“as”和分句共用。“短语”是一组相关联的单词,没有主语和动词。“分句”也是一组相关联的单词,但有主语和动词。记忆这两者之间的差别的简便方法是:“短语”是一组没有动词的单词,“分句”是一组有动词的单词。

Q 68. No one hits home runs (as / like) Barry Bonds.

Q 69. No one pitches (as / like) Roy Halladay does.动词时态列表1.3 动词的简单式和进行式列表1.4 动词六大时态一览表

规则37: 时态的一致性要求一个单一的句子只能用现在、过去或将来时三者之一。

Q 70. M y dog barks when it (sees / saw) my neighbor’s cat.

Q 71. Yesterday afternoon, sm oke (fills / filled) the sky and sirens sounded.

Q 72. Tomorrow, we (w ill go / w ill have gone) to the football game.

规则38: 现在完成时用动词 “has” 或 “have”。过去完成时用助动词“had”。将来完成时用动词“w ill have”形式。

Q 73. We are raising money for the new scholarship fund. So far we(raised / have raised / had raised) $25,000.

Q 74. By the time I began playing golf, I (played / had played) tennis for three hours.

Q 75. Larry (studied / has studied / had studied) Russian for fi ve years before he went to work in Moscow.

Q 76. By the time evening arrives, we (fi nished / had fi nished / w ill have fi nished) the task at hand.

规则39: 虚拟语气用动词“were”,不用“was”。虚拟语气用于暗示一种假设情况——可以表达愿望、怀疑或可能性。虚拟语气还可以用于暗示与事实相反的情况。

Q 77. Sometimes she w ishes she (was / were) on a tropical island having a drink at sunset.

Q 78. If I (was / were) you, I would be feeling quite optim istic.

规则40: 条件句最常用的句式是“If … Then”,这种情况下“条件”分句后面紧跟着“结果”分句,容易让人迷惑的是“结果”从句应该用“w ill”还是“would”。这两个词的选择取决于给定的条件句是否含有虚拟语气。如果含有虚拟语气,动词形式是“would”,如果没有虚拟语气,动词形式则是“will”。 “would”常和“were”共用,当句子中出现这两个词共用的情况时,就是虚拟语气的明显信号。

Q 79. If econom ic conditions further deteriorate, public confi dence (w ill/ would) plummet.

Q 80. If economic conditions were to further deteriorate, public confi dence(w ill / would) plummet.

Q 81. If my taxes are less than $10,000, I (w ill / would) pay that amount immediately.

Q 82. If oil (was / were) still abundant, there (will / would) be no energy crisis.

措辞练习

措辞可以看作“词的选择”。选出下列题目中措辞恰当的选项。Q 83. (A) Everyone of the makeup exams is tough, but anyone who misses a scheduled test w ith good cause is entitled to w rite one.(B) Every one of the makeup exams is tough, but anyone who m isses a scheduled test w ith good cause is entitled to w rite one.(C) Every one of the makeup exams is tough, but any one who m isses a scheduled test w ith good cause is entitled to w rite one.Q 84. (A) The green book, that is on the top shelf, is the one you need for math. The book which is red is the one you need for w riting.(B) The green book, which is on the top shelf, is the one you need for math. The book that is red is the one you need for w riting.(C) The green book, which is on the top shelf, is the one you need for math. The book which is red is the one you need for w riting.Q 85. (A) Let’s cherish the poem In Flanders Fields. Remembering

those who fought for our freedom lets us live easier.

(B) Lets cherish the poem In Flanders Fields. Remembering

those who fought for our freedom let’s us live easier.

(C) Let’s cherish the poem In Flanders Fields. Remembering those who fought for our freedom let’s us live easier.Q 86. (A) Once we turn these dreaded assignments into the professor’s offi ce, we’ll feel a lot less obliged to pass any information onto our classmates.(B) Once we turn these dreaded assignments into the professor’s offi ce, we’ll feel a lot less obliged to pass any information on to our classmates.(C) Once we turn these dreaded assignments in to the professor’s offi ce, we’ll feel a lot less obliged to pass any information on to our classmates.Q 87. (A) The M cCorkendales didn’t used to enjoy warm weather,but that was before they moved to Morocco and got used to summer temperatures as high as 35 degrees Celsius.(B) The M cCorkendales didn’t use to enjoy warm weather,but that was before they moved to Morocco and got use to summer temperatures as high as 35 degrees Celsius.(C) The M cCorkendales didn’t use to enjoy warm weather, but that was before they moved to Morocco and got used to summer temperatures as high as 35 degrees Celsius.

惯用语练习

惯用语可以看作“词语表达”。惯用语,像语法和措辞一样,也存在恰当与否、正确与否的问题。选出符合惯用语表达习惯的选项。

Q 88. (A) A choice must be made between blue and green.(B) A choice must be made between blue or green.

Q 89. (A) Many doctors consider stress a more destructive infl uence

on one’s longevity than smoking, drinking or overeating.

(B) M any docto rs consider stress as a m ore destructive influence on one’s longevity than smoking, drinking or overeating.(C) M any doctors consider stress to be a more destructive influence on one’s longevity than smoking, drinking or overeating.Q 90. (A) A t fi rst women were considered at low risk for HIV.

(B) At fi rst women were considered as at low risk for HIV.

(C) A t fi rst women were considered to be at low risk for HIV.Q 91. (A) M any credit Gutenberg as having invented the printing

press.

(B) Many credit Gutenberg w ith having invented the printing press.Q 92. (A) In the movie Silence of the Lambs, Dr. Hannibal Lecter is depicted as a brilliant psychiatrist and cannibalistic serial killer who is confi ned as much by the steel bars of his cell as by the prison of his own m ind.(B) In the movie Silence of the Lambs, Dr.Hannibal Lecter is depicted to be a brilliant psychiatrist and cannibalistic serial killer who is confned as much by the steel bars of his cell as by the prison of his own mind.

Q 93. (A) Only experts can distinguish a masterpiece and a fake.(B) Only experts can distinguish a masterpiece from a fake.

Q 94. (A) A lthough medical practitioners have the technology to perform brain transplants, there is no clear evidence that they can do it.(B) A lthough medical practitioners have the technology to perform brain transplants, there is no clear evidence that they can do so.Q 95. (A) In com parison to France, Luxembourg is an amazingly

small country.

(B) In comparison w ith France, Luxembourg is an amazingly

small country.

Q 96. (A) Roger Federer won Wimbledon with a classic tennis style,in contrast to Bjorn Borg, who captured his titles using an unorthodox playing style.(B) Roger Federer won W imbledon w ith a classic tennis style,in contrast w ith Bjorn Borg, who captured his titles using an unorthodox playing style.Q 97. (A) There is more talk of a single North American currency today

compared to ten years ago.

(B) There is more talk of a single North American currency

today compared with ten years ago.

(C) There is more talk of a single North American currency

today than ten years ago.

Q 98. (A) I prefer blackjack over poker.(B) I prefer blackjack to poker.

Q 99. (A) Remb randt is regarded as the greatest pain ter of the

Renaissance period.

(B) Rembrandt is regarded to be the greatest painter of the

Renaissance period.

Q 100. (A) The speaker does a good job of tying motivational theory to

obtainable results.

(B) The speaker does a good job of tying motivational theory w ith obtainable results.

语法100问答案

Q 1. An offi ce clerk and a machinist were present but unhurt by the onsite explosion.

Q 2. Eggs and bacon is Tiffany’s favorite breakfast.单词“eggs”和“bacon”紧密相联,两者视为一个单一的整体。

Q 3. In the game of chess, capturing one knight or three pawns yield the same point value.主语“pawns”是复数,因此需要复数动词 “yield”。

Q 4. A seventeenth-century oil painting, along w ith several antique vases, has been placed on the auction block.

Q 5. The purpose of the executive, administrative, and legislative branches of government is to provide a system of checks and balances.句子的主语是“purpose”。介词短语“of the executive, administrative,and legislative branches of government”不影响动词的选择。

Q 6. Here are the introduction and chapters one through fi ve.复合主语“introduction and chapters”要求用复数动词“are”。

Q 7. Are there any squash courts available?有个好办法是先把句子用陈述句表达出来:There are squash courts available.这样,很容易就看出主语是复数——squash courts——因此用复数动词are才恰当。

Q 8. Entertaining multiple goals makes a person’s life stressful.“Entertaining multiple goals” 是一个动名词短语,用作句子主语(单数)。

Q 9. One in every three new businesses fails w ithin the fi rst fi ve years of operation.

Q 10. Few of the students, if any, are ready for the test.短语 “if any”是插入语,完全不影响句子的复数。

Q 11. Some of the story makes sense.

Q 12. Some of the comedians were hilarious.

Q 13. None of the candidates have any previous political experience.

注意:如果“neither”用在“none”的位置上,则句子正确的写法是:Neither of the candidates has any political experience. “Neither”是永远为单数的不定代词,“None”是需要根据上下文来确定单复数的不定代词。一般情况下,“none”用“have”,“neither”用“has”。

Q 14. Either Johann or Cecilia is qualifi ed to act as manager.

Q 15. Neither management nor workers are satisfi ed w ith the new contract.

Q 16. Our group is meeting at 6 p.m..

Q 17. A group of latecomers were escorted to their seats.

Q 18. The number of road accidents has decreased.

Q 19. A number of train accidents have occurred.

Q 20. Fifty percent of video gam ing is having great refl exes.

Q 21. Two-thirds of their classmates have wake-boards.

Q 22. Ten dollars is an average daily wage for many peop le in the developing word.

Q 23. The present is from Beth and her.

Q 24. Cousin Vinny and he are both valedictorians.

Q 25. Between you and me, this plan makes a lot of sense.代词“me”(代词“I”的宾格)是介词“between”的直接宾语。

Q 26. Do not ask for whom the bell tolls.代词“whom” (代词“who”的宾格) 是介词“for”的直接宾语。

Q 27. People like you and me should know better.代词的宾格——me——必须紧跟介词 “like”。

Q 28. M y nephew is taller than I.检验句子是否正确,将句子补充完整:M y nephew is taller than I am.

Q 29. We skate as fast as they.补充完整:We skate as fast as they do.

Q 30. During our group presentation, our teacher asked you m ore questions than me.补充完整:During our group presentation, our teacher asked you more questions than she or he asked me.

Q 31. The woman who is responsible for pension planning is M rs. Green.She is responsible for pension planning.“she”可以替换“who”。

试读结束[说明:试读内容隐藏了图片]

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