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版权信息书名：(16上新题型)大学英语六级考试超详解真题+模拟作者：新东方考试研究中心排版：KingStar出版社：群言出版社出版时间：2016-01-01ISBN：9787802569980本书由北京新东方大愚文化传播有限公司授权北京当当科文电子商务有限公司制作与发行。— · 版权所有 侵权必究 · —
音频下载链接：http://download.dogwood.com.cn/online/6jjj1512/index.html大学英语六级考试2014年12月真题（第一套）COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST—Band Six—试题册注意事项
八、在考试过程中要注意对自己的答案保密。若被他人抄袭，一经发现，后果自负。Part I Writing（30 minutes)
Directions: For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay based on the picture below.You should start your essay with abrief description of the picture and then discuss what qualities an employer should look for in job applicants.You should give sound arguments to support your views and write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
_______________________________________________Part II Listening Comprehension（30 minutes)Section A
Directions: In this section,you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be apause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A)，b)，c)and d)，and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with asingle line through the centre.
1.A)The man's tennis racket is good enough.
B)The man should get apair of new shoes.
C)She can wait for the man for alittle while.
D)Physical exercise helps her stay in shape.
2.A)The woman will skip Dr.Smith's lecture to help the man.
B)Kathy is very pleased to attend the lecture by Dr.Smith.
C)The woman is good at doing lab demonstrations.
D)The man will do all he can to assist the woman.
3.A)The woman asked the man to accompany her to the party.
B)Steve became rich soon after graduation from college.
C)Steve invited his classmates to visit his big cottage.
D)The speakers and Steve used to be classmates.
6.A)She does not like John at all.
B)John has got many admirers.
C)She does not think John is handsome.
D)John has just got abachelor's degree.
7.A)He has been bumping along for hours.
B)He has got asharp pain in the neck.
C)He is involved in aserious accident.
D)He is trapped in aterrible traffic jam.
8.A)She is good at repairing things.
B)She is aprofessional mechanic.
C)She should improve her physical condition.
D)She cannot go without awashing machine.
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
9.A)Some witnesses failed to appear in court.
B)The case caused debate among the public.
C)The accused was found guilty of stealing.
D)The accused refused to plead guilty in court.
10.A)He was out of his mind.
B)He was unemployed.
C)His wife deserted him.
D)His children were sick.
11.A)He had been in jail before.
B)He was unworthy of sympathy.
C)He was unlikely to get employed.
D)He had committed the same sort of crime.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
B)Distribution of brochures.
14.A)Placing advertisements in the trade press.
B)Drawing sketches for advertisements.
C)Advertising in the national press.
D)Making television commercials.
15.A)She has the motivation to do the job.
B)She knows the tricks of advertising.
C)She is not so easy to get along with.
D)She is not suitable for the position.Section B
Directions: In this section,you will hear 3 short passages.At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear aquestion,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A)，b)，c)and d).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with asingle line through the centre.Passage One
Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16.A)The cozy communal life.
B)The cultural diversity.
C)Innovative academic programs.
D)Impressive school buildings.
17.A)It is very beneficial to their academic progress.
B)It helps them soak up the surrounding culture.
C)It is as important as their learning experience.
D)It ensures their physical and mental health.
18.A)It offers the most challenging academic programs.
B)It has the world's best-known military academies.
C)It provides numerous options for students.
D)It draws faculty from all around the world.
19.A)They try to give students opportunities for experimentation.
B)They are responsible merely to their Ministry of Education.
C)They strive to develop every student's academic potential.
D)They ensure that all students get roughly equal attention.Passage Two
Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
20.A)It will arrive at Boulogne at half past two.
B)It crosses the English Channel twice aday.
C)It is now about half way to the French coast.
D)It is leaving Folkestone in about five minutes.
21.A)Opposite the ship's office.
B)Next to the duty-free shop.
C)At the rear of Bdeck.
D)In the front of Adeck.
22.A)It is for the sole use of passengers travelling with cars.
B)It is much more spacious than the lounge on Cdeck.
C)It is for the use of passengers travelling with children.
D)It is for senior passengers and people with VIP cards.Passage Three
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
23.A)It was named after its location.
B)It was named after its discoverer.
C)It was named after acave art expert.
D)It was named after one of its painters.
24.A)Animal painting was part of the spiritual life of the time.
B)Deer were worshiped by the ancient Cro-Magnon people.
C)Cro-Magnon people painted animals they hunted and ate.
D)They were believed to keep evils away from cave dwellers.
25.A)They know little about why the paintings were created.
B)They have difficulty telling when the paintings were done.
C)They are unable to draw such interesting and fine paintings.
D)They have misinterpreted the meaning of the cave paintings.Section C
Directions: In this section,you will hear apassage three times.When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard.Finally,when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written.
If you are attending alocal college,especially one without residence halls,you'll probably live at home and commute to classes.This arrangement has alot of（26）__________.It's cheaper.It provides acomfortable and familiar setting,and it means you'll get the kind of home cooking you're used to instead of the monotony（单调）that（27）__________even the best institutional food.
However,commuting students need to（28）__________to become involved in the life of their college and to take special steps to meet their fellow students.Often,this means acertain amount of initiative on your part in（29）__________and talking to people in your classes whom you think you might like.
One problem that commuting students sometimes face is their parents'unwillingness to recognize that they're adults.The（30）__________from high school to college is abig one,and if you live at home you need to develop the same kind of independence you'd have if you were living away.Home rules that might have been（31）__________when you were in high school don't apply.If your parents are（32）__________to renegotiate,you can speed the process along by letting your behavior show that you have the responsibility that goes with maturity.Parents are more willing to（33）__________their children as adults when they behave like adults.If,however,there's so much friction at home that it（34）__________your academic work,you might want to consider sharing an apartment with one or more friends.Sometimes this is ahappy solution when family（35）__________make everyone miserable.Part III Reading Comprehension（40minutes)Section A
Directions: In this section,there is apassage with ten blanks.You are required to select one word for each blank from alist of choices given in aword bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank is identified by aletter.Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with asingle line through the centre.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.
His future subjects have not always treated the Prince of Wales with the respect one might expect.They laughed aloud in1986when the heir to the British36told aTV reporter that he talked to his plants at his country house,Highgrove,to stimulate their growth.The Prince was being humorous—“My sense of humor will get me into trouble one day,”he said to his aides（随从）—but listening to Charles Windsor can indeed prove stimulating.The royal37has been promoting radical ideas for most of his adult life.Some of his38，which once sounded abit weird,were simply ahead of their time.Now,finally,the world seems to be catching up with him.
Take his views on farming.Prince Charles'Duchy Home Farm went39back in1986，when most shoppers cared only about the low price tag on suspiciously blemish-free（无瑕疵的）vegetables and40large chickens piled high in supermarkets.
His warnings on climate change proved farsighted,too.Charles began41action on global warming in1990and says he has been worried about the42of man on the environment since he was ateenager.
Although he has gradually gained international43as one of the world's leading conservationists,many British people still think of him as an44person who talks to plants.This year,as it happens,South Korean scientists proved that plants really do45to sound.So Charles was ahead of the game there,too.
Directions: In this section,you are going to read apassage with ten statements attached to it.Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs.Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived.You may choose aparagraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with aletter.Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 .High School Sports Aren't Killing Academics
A)In this month's Atlantic cover article,“The Case Against High-School Sports,”Amanda Ripley argues that school-sponsored sports programs should be seriously cut.She writes that,unlike most countries that outperform the United States on international assessments,American schools put too much of an emphasis on athletics.“Sports are embedded in American schools in away they are not almost anywhere else,”she writes.“Yet this difference hardly ever comes up in domestic debates about America's international mediocrity（平庸）in education.”
B)American student-athletes reap many benefits from participating in sports,but the costs to the schools could outweigh their benefits,she argues.In particular,Ripley contends that sports crowd out the academic missions of schools:America should learn from South Korea and Finland and every other country at the top level of international test scores,all of whom emphasize athletics far less in school.“Even in eighth grade,American kids spend more than twice the time Korean kids spend playing sports,”she writes,citing a2010study published in the Journal of Advanced Academics.
C)It might well be true that sports are far more rooted in American high schools than in other countries.But our reading of international test scores finds no support for the argument against school athletics.Indeed,our own research and that of others lead us to make the opposite case.School-sponsored sports appear to provide benefits that seem to increase,not detract（减少）from,academic success.
D)Ripley indulges apopular obsession（痴迷）with international test score comparisons,which show wide and frightening gaps between the United States and other countries.She ignores,however,the fact that states vary at least as much in test scores as do developed countries.A2011report from Harvard University shows that Massachusetts produces math scores comparable to South Korea and Finland,while Mississippi scores are closer to Trinidad and Tobago.Ripley's thesis about sports falls apart in light of this fact.Schools in Massachusetts provide sports programs while schools in Finland do not.Schools in Mississippi may love football while in Tobago interscholastic sports are nowhere near as prominent.Sports cannot explain these similarities in performance.They can't explain international differences either.
E)If it is true that sports undermine the academic mission of American schools,we would expect to see anegative relationship between the commitment to athletics and academic achievement.However,the University of Arkansas's Daniel Bowen and Jay Greene actually find the opposite.They examine this relationship by analyzing schools'sports winning percentages as well as student-athletic participation rates compared to graduation rates and standardized test score achievement over afive-year period for all public high schools in Ohio.Controlling for student poverty levels,demographics（人口统计情况），and district financial resources,both measures of aschool's commitment to athletics are significantly and positively related to lower dropout rates as well as higher test scores.
F)On-the-field success and high participation in sports is not random—it requires focus and dedication to athletics.One might think this would lead schools obsessed with winning to deemphasize academics.Bowen and Greene's results contradict that argument.A likely explanation for this seemingly counterintuitive（与直觉相反的）result is that success in sports programs actually facilitates or reflects greater social capital within aschool's community.
G)Ripley cites the writings of renowned sociologist James Coleman,whose research in education was groundbreaking.Coleman in his early work held athletics in contempt,arguing that they crowded out schools'academic missions.Ripley quotes his1961study,The Adolescent Society,where Coleman writes,“Altogether,the trophy（奖品）case would suggest to the innocent visitor that he was entering an athletic club,not an educational institution.”
H)However,in later research Coleman would show how the success of schools is highly dependent on what he termed social capital,“the norms,the social networks,and the relationships between adults and children that are of value for the child's growing up.”
I)According to a2013evaluation conducted by the Crime Lab at the University of Chicago,a program called Becoming aMan—Sports Edition creates lasting improvements in the boys'study habits and grade point averages.During the first year of the program,students were found to be less likely to transfer schools or be engaged in violent crime.A year after the program,participants were less likely to have had an encounter with the juvenile justice system.
J)If school-sponsored sports were completely eliminated tomorrow,many American students would still have opportunities to participate in organized athletics elsewhere,much like they do in countries such as Finland,Germany,and South Korea.The same is not certain when it comes to students from more disadvantaged backgrounds.In an overview of the research on non-school based after-school programs,researchers find that disadvantaged children participate in these programs at significantly lower rates.They find that low-income students have less access due to challenges with regard to transportation,non-nominal fees,and off-campus safety.Therefore,reducing or eliminating these opportunities would most likely deprive disadvantaged students of the benefits from athletic participation,not least of which is the opportunity to interact with positive role models outside of regular school hours.
K)Another unfounded criticism that Ripley makes is bringing up the stereotype that athletic coaches are typically lousy（蹩脚的）classroom teachers.“American principals,unlike the vast majority of principals around the world,make many hiring decisions with their sports teams in mind,which does not always end well for students,”she writes.Educators who seek employment at schools primarily for the purpose of coaching are likely to shirk（推卸）teaching responsibilities,the argument goes.Moreover,even in the cases where the employee is ateacher first and athletic coach second,the additional responsibilities that come with coaching likely come at the expense of time otherwise spent on planning,grading,and communicating with parents and guardians.
L)The data,however,do not seem to confirm this stereotype.In the most rigorous study on the classroom results of high school coaches,the University of Arkansas's Anna Egalite finds that athletic coaches in Florida mostly tend to perform just as well as their non-coaching counterparts,with respect to raising student test scores.We do not doubt that teachers who also coach face serious tradeoffs that likely come at the expense of time they could dedicate to their academic obligations.However,as with sporting events,athletic coaches gain additional opportunities for communicating and serving as mentors（导师）that potentially help students succeed and make up for the costs of coaching commitments.
M)If schools allow student-athletes to regularly miss out on instructional time for the sake of traveling to athletic competitions,that's bad.However,such issues would be better addressed by changing school and state policies with regard to the scheduling of sporting events as opposed to total elimination.If the empirical evidence points to anything,it points towards school-sponsored sports providing assets that are well worth the costs.
N)Despite negative stereotypes about sports culture and Ripley's presumption that academics and athletics are at odds with one another,we believe that the greater body of evidence shows that school-sponsored sports programs appear to benefit students.Successes on the playing field can carry over to the classroom and vice versa（反之亦然）.More importantly,finding ways to increase school communities'social capital is imperative to the success of the school as awhole,not just the athletes.
46.Students from low-income families have less access to off-campus sports programs.
47.Amanda Ripley argues that America should learn from other countries that rank high in international tests and lay less emphasis on athletics.
48.According to the author,Amanda Ripley fails to note that students'performance in exams varies from state to state.
49.Amanda Ripley thinks that athletic coaches are poor at classroom instruction.
50.James Coleman's later research makes an argument for aschool's social capital.
51.Researchers find that there is apositive relationship between aschool's commitment to athletics and academic achievements.
52.A rigorous study finds that athletic coaches also do well in raising students'test scores.
53.According to an evaluation,sports programs contribute to students'academic performance and character building.
54.Amanda Ripley believes the emphasis on school sports should be brought up when trying to understand why American students are mediocre.
55.James Coleman suggests in his earlier writings that school athletics would undermine aschool's image.Section C
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A)，b)，c)and d).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with asingle line through the centre.Passage One
Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.
It is easy to miss amid the day-to-day headlines of global economic recession,but there is aless conspicuous kind of social upheaval（剧变）underway that is fast altering both the face of the planet and the way human beings live.That change is the rapid acceleration of urbanization.In2008，for the first time in human history,more than half the world's population was living in towns and cities.And as arecently published paper shows,the process of urbanization will only accelerate in the decades to come—with an