英语(第二册)(txt+pdf+epub+mobi电子书下载)

作者:廖继红,彭凤香

出版社:中国财政经济出版社

格式: AZW3, DOCX, EPUB, MOBI, PDF, TXT

英语(第二册)

英语(第二册)试读:

前言

英语是国际交流的重要工具。《中等职业学校英语教学大纲》规定英语课程为职业学校各类专业学生必修的一门公共基础课;同时,它又是一门实践性很强的课程。为了适应当前中职英语教学改革发展的需要,进一步强化学生的英语应用能力,我们结合多年的教学实践,针对中职英语教学的现状和中职学生的特点,编写了本教材。

本教材旨在体现素质教育,注重交际应用,突出职教特色,主要特点如下:(1)浅显易懂:降低难度,放宽要求,以实用够用为准则;(2)操作性强:每个板块有具体任务,具有较强的可操作性;(3)重点突出:每单元围绕话题进行听、说、读、写训练,重点突出;(4)选材多样,知识性、趣味性并重。

本教材全套四册,供四学期使用。每册十个话题单元,配两个复习单元。每个单元的教学活动都围绕着一个与学生日常生活密切相关的话题进行,且全书涵盖了中学英语主要的语法项目。

本教材第一册从“音标”、“日常会话用语”、“初中语法项目”的学习开始,结合“趣味知识”的学习,使学生温故而知新,旨在帮助低起点学生提高英语学习兴趣,增强自信心。第二、三、四册每个教学单元包括“热身活动”、“对话”、“阅读”、“语法”、“写作”和“西方文化知识阅读”六个板块,分别提供了大量的应用性训练,可供学生练习,以此来帮助职业学校学生进一步学习英语基础知识,培养听、说、读、写基本技能,使学生能听、说日常会话、简单职场用语;能读懂简单应用文,抓住中心思想;能填写简单表格,写个人简介;能掌握1800个左右的单词(含九年义务教育阶段的词汇),同时学习200个左右习惯用语和固定搭配;能理解基本的语法形式和用法。这样,学生完成本课程的学习之后,能初步形成职场英语的应用能力;能基本了解认识中西方文化差异,形成正确的情感、态度和价值观,从而为学生的职业生涯、继续学习和终身发展奠定基础。

本册教材主编廖继红、彭凤香,副主编李海涛、姜雯馨,参编付玲玲。本教材结合了目前英语教学中的一些新教法、新思想,以期给大家一些启迪。但由于时间比较仓促,水平有限,本书不足之处在所难免,恳请广大师生批评指正。

本教材在编写过程中,得到了本部门领导的大力支持,尤其是编写人员付出了大量心力,在此表示衷心的感谢。编者2012年12月Unit 1HobbiesPart OneWarming up

Can you say something about the following pictures in your own words?Part TwoDialogues 爱好用语

1(1)——Whats your hobby,Wang Yang?

——Oh, I love playing football.(2)——Do you like singing English songs, Lucy?

——Yes, its my favorite.(3)——What do you usually do in your spare time, Lily?

——Watch TV and listen to music.(4)——Whats your favorite sport?

——My favorite sport is playing basketball/ tennis/ volleyball/ badminton.(5)——What do you like best?

——I like reading/swimming/running/shopping best.

2

Sara: Hi, Ben, do you like sports?

Ben: Oh, I enjoy playing football very much.

Sara: Do you like American football?

Ben: No, I dont.What about you?

Sara: I dont like playing American football.

Ben: What about Tang Hua? Does she love American football?

Sara: No, she doesnt.She likes playing chess.Words & ExpressionsPractice一、Complete the dialogues according to the Chinese.根据中文意思补全对话。

1.L:____________________(你的爱好是什么), Lucy?

W: En, I love singing.

L: Do you like ____________(唱流行歌曲)?

W: Yes, its my favorite.

2.S: Hi, Ben,______________(你喜欢运动吗)?

B: Yes, I enjoy ________________(踢足球)very much.

S: ______________________________(你喜欢打篮球吗)?

B: No, I dont like it.What about you, Sara?

S: I like playing basketball very much.

3.M: ____________________(你有什么爱好吗)?

T: Yes, I do.In fact,________________(我有很多爱好).

For example, I like playing football, badminton, basketball and so on.

M: Now I see.You like sports very much.__________________(你最喜欢的运动是什么)?

T: I like playing football best.

M: Me too.____________________(那我们去踢足球吧).

T: Great.Part ThreeReading and Writing Family Life

Read the letters to the magazine Family Life, and tick the right topic.下面是两位读者写给《家庭生活》的信。读信并选出两位读者共同谈论的话题。

In their letters, both Ben and Bob talk about:( )health ( )problems ( )family stories( )school ( )friendship ( )travelLetters from our readers

Last week we asked our readers to write us funny stories.Bob and Ben sent us very amusing family stories.Dear Family Life,

My mother is a career woman, but she never forgets her household duties.

One snowy morning, she went out for her daily run.When she returned to the house, she slipped and hit her head on the driveway.

I sent her to the hospital.When we arrived, the doctor asked my mom some questions to see if she was OK. “What day is today?”he asked.Without hesitation, Mom replied, “Cleaning day.”Yours,BobDear Family Life,

My mother is a typical housewife and she does nearly all the housework.My father is an engineer and he never does any family chores.

Last Sunday afternoon my mother was ill, my father volunteered to go to the supermarket for her.She gave him a shopping list with five items:1 orange 2 eggs 3 hams 4 eggplants 5 green peppers.

Dad returned half an hour later.He opened a large grocery bag and started to count “one orange, two eggs, three hams, four eggplants, five green peppers.” Mom and I laughed till we cried!Yours, BenWords & ExpressionsPractice一、Read the letters again and tick the things Bobs mother and Bens father did.再读信选出Bob的妈妈和Ben的爸爸所做的事情。二、Read the letters again and tick the correct sentences.再读信选出正确的语句。

1.Bens mother is a career woman. ( )

2.Bens father didnt want to go shopping for his wife when she was ill.( )

3.Bens father didnt do any housework. ( )

4.Bobs mother is a career woman, so she doesnt do any housework.( )

5.Bobs mother had a small accident after her daily run. ( )

6.The doctor asked Bob lots of questions. ( )三、Complete the summary of Bens story.用方框中给出的词语,完成Ben的故事。

gave him a shopping list  laughed till they cried

was ill started to count volunteered to go shopping

Last Sunday afternoon, Bens mother______.His father, and his mother______:1 orange 2 eggs 3 hams 4 eggplants 5 green peppers.His father returned with a big bag and______.In the bag there were one orange, two eggs, three hams, four eggplants and five green peppers.Ben and his mom______.Part FourGrammar 句子成分及基本句型一、英语句子成分

句子的组成成分:主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、补语、表语、同位语。二、英语中的五种基本句型结构

1.Subject(主语)+ Verb(谓语)

eg.Li Ming works very hard.李明学习很努力。

2.Subject(主语)+ Link.V(系动词)+ Predicate(表语)

eg.This kind of food tastes delicious.这种食物吃起来很可口。

3.Subject(主语)+ Verb(谓语)+ Object(宾语)

eg.He took his bag and left.他拿着书包离开了。

4.Subject(主语)+Verb(谓语)+ Indirect object(间接宾语)+Direct object(直接宾语)

eg.Her father bought her a dictionary as a birthday present.她爸爸给她买了一本词典作为生日礼物。

5.Subject(主语)+Verb(动词)+Object(宾语)+Complement(补语)

eg.You should keep the room clean and tidy.你应该让屋子保持干净整洁。三、五种基本句型的口诀

英语句子万万千,五大句型把线牵。

句型种类为动词,后接什么是关键。

系动后面接表语,Vi独身无牵连。

Vt又可分三类,单宾双宾最常见。

还有宾语补足语,各种搭配记心间。Practice一、Write out the sentences of the following sentences.写出下列各句子的句型结构。

1.He handed me the newspaper.

2.I shall answer your question.

3.Li Lei studies very hard.

4.He is a teacher.

5.I hope you happy every day.二、Point out the subjects of the following sentences.指出下列句中主语。

1.The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom.

2.There is an old man coming here.

3.The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year.

4.To do todays homework without the teachers help is very difficult.三、Choose the center word of the predicate of the following sentences.选出句中谓语的中心词。

1.I dont like the picture on the wall.

A.dont

B.like

C.picture

D.wall

2.The days get longer and longer when summer comes.

A.get

B.longer

C.days

D.summer

3.Do you usually go to school by bus?

A.Do

B.usually

C.go

D.bus四、Put the As answers in order.把A中的回答排序。

1.A: How well can you write English?

B: think, write, pretty, I, well, English, can, I

__________________________________________________

2.A: Are you very good at math?

B: math, no, terrible, actually, at, Im

__________________________________________________

3.A: Do you know how to use an adding machine?

B: using, good, adding, machine, Im, yes, at

__________________________________________________

4.A: Are you good at keeping deadlines?

B: at, yeah, deadlines, good, keeping, Im, pretty

__________________________________________________

5.A: Do you get along well with people?

B: very, with, usually, yes, get, well, along, I, people

__________________________________________________

6.A: Are you good at public speaking?

B: at, very, Im, no, it, good, not

__________________________________________________Part FiveCulture Bar Hobbyth

In the 16 century a favorite toy for children of all ages was the hobbyhorse(木马).A hobbyhorse could be as simple as a stick, or it could have a wooden horses head on it.Later, the hobbyhorse became not very popular, but the pleasure of doing something outside the routine(日常的)activities of daily life brought a new word into the language.The word “hobby”is the shortened form of hobbyhorse.

Hobbies today include many activities.But it does not include spectator(观众)activities like watching television.It also excludes(不包括)schooling and work done to make a living.Unit 2StudiesPart OneWarming upI.Can you say something about the following pictures in your own words?II.Try to answer the questions below.

1.Do you have any trouble in study? What are they?

2.Have you ever made any plan for your study? Is it effective?

3.Do you think its necessary to prepare well before exams?

4.Can you share your study methods with your classmates?

5.Whats your opinion to the saying “You are never too old to learn”?Part TwoDialogues 学习用语

1

A: Where did you go?

B: I read some books in the library.

A: Are you free this afternoon? Could you go to the supermarket with me?

B: Sorry, I have an exam this afternoon.What about tomorrow?

A: OK, its not urgent.But youre really busy these days.

B: Yeah, I have classes every day, and the final exams are coming soon.

A: You are so busy with your studies.Take care of yourself, ok?

B: Yes, I know.Thank you!

2

A: Hello!Tom, what are you doing?

B: Do some review for the coming test.

A: Then, what about your progress now?

B: Little progress.An English test is approaching, but I really dont know how to do!Could you tell me how to learn English?

A: In fact, learning English is not so difficult as you think.You can get on the Internet, listen to English songs and see some English films.This can increase your interest in learning English.And it will be helpful for your English learning.

B: Really? Is it really helpful? I didnt know that before.

A: Yes, of course.

B: That is really wonderful.Thank you!

A: Ok, I am now going to school.I wish you can succeed in examinations. Bye-bye!

B: Well, See you next time!Bye-bye!Words & ExpressionsPractice一、Choose the words to complete the sentences.选词填空。

review progress approach supermarket urgent

increase interest helpful  wonderful succeed

1.I had no________________in swimming at the beginning.

2.You cannot________________without hard work.

3.Most of us do our shopping in the________________.

4.Work and hot weather may________________ the need of water.

5.Could you tell me how to________________ the whole text?

6.Shoring up demand is the most________________ task.

7.I think my notes should be________________.

8.He cautiously________________ the house.

9.It was a________________ trip.

10.We all decided to make more________________ in the new term.二、Complete the sentences.补全对话。

A: Hi,Jack.__1__.

B: Ummm.I failed in the exam again.

A: Oh,you are always hard-working.__2__,you′ll pass it next time.

B: But I failed in the last exam, too.I really want to go to a good college.

A: Everyone has their own dreams.__3__.

B: Peking University.

A: Why?

B:__4__.And Peking University is one of the best Universities in China.

A: Then, __5__.

B: Yes,I know.Thank you.

A.Dont lose your heart.

B.Why do you look so dispointed?

C.I fell in love with Chinese.

D.What college do you want to go?

E.You should be more confidence and fight for it.三、Translation.翻译。

1.我打算明天去超市买东西。(supermarket)

__________________________________________________

2.我们每天有六节课。(have classes)

__________________________________________________

3.他期末考试没及格。(the final exam)

__________________________________________________

4.杰克经常上网学英语。(internet)

__________________________________________________

5.吉姆不如他弟弟长得高。(not so as)

__________________________________________________

6.请帮我照顾好奶奶。(take care of)

__________________________________________________

7.他最近正忙着学钢琴。(be busy with)

__________________________________________________

8.我找到了问题的答案。(succeed in)

__________________________________________________Part ThreeReading and Writing Learning a Foreign Language

My experience with learning a foreign began in junior middle school, when I took my first English class.I had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all of the students.Therefore, I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying about making mistakes.

When I went to senior middle school, my experience was very different from before.My new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answers.Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed a long stick at us, and shaking it up and down, shouted, “No!No!No!”Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but also I lost my desire to say anything at all in English.

When I went to college, I was offered an opportunity to study English through an online course.The communication medium was a computer, a phone line, and a modem, I soon got access to the necessary equipment, I learned how to use the technology from a friend and participated in the virtual classroom 5 to 7 days a week.

Online learning requires a lot of time, commitment and discipline to keep up with the flow of the course.I worked hard and practiced all the time.At last, I reaped the benefits of it.Words and ExpressionsPractice一、Read the passage and fill in the following chart.读文章,填写下表。二、Read and decide whether the statements are true(T)or false(F).读文章,判断下列句子对与错。

1.The writers English teacher was not kind when he was in junior middle school. ( )

2.The writers English was very good when he was in junior middle school. ( )

3.The writers experience with learning English in junior middle school is the same as that in senior middle school. ( )

4.The writer did not like to say English at all because his English is poor. ( )

5.The writer finds a good way to learn English. ( )三、Read the passage and choose the right expressions to complete the story.读文章,选择正确的词填空把故事补充完整。

participated in different from patient keep up with

through an online course a phone line reaped the benefits

My experience with learning a foreign began in junior middle school.I had a kind and______________ teacher .When I went to senior middle school, my experience was very__________________ before.When I went to college, I was offered an opportunity to study English_______________.The communication medium was a computer, _________________,and a modem, I soon got access to the necessary equipment, I learned how to use the technology from a friend and ________________the virtual classroom 5 to 7 days a week.Online learning requires a lot of time, commitment and discipline to the_______________flow of the course.I worked hard and practiced all the time.At last, I ______________of it.Part FourGrammar 形容词和副词的比较级和最高级一、定义

在英语中,在表示“比较……”和“最……”时,形容词和副词要用特别的形式,称为“比较级”和“最高级”,原来的形容词和副词称为“原级”。二、构成三、句型

1.“A+动词+形容词/副词比较级+than+B”表示“A比B更……”。

eg.The story she told is more interesting than that you told.

2.“the+形容词的最高级+比较范围”表示“……是最 ……的”。

eg.He is the oldest in his class.

3.“the+形容词比较级+the+形容词比较级”表示“越……越……”。

eg.The higher, the colder.

4.“否定词+形容词/副词比较级+than”表示“没有比……更……的了”。

eg.No one is more diligent than Mary in her class.

四、特殊结构

more and more “越来越……”

the more……the more…… “越……越……”

had better “最好”【附】用法口诀

比较级与最高级,两者比较than相连,三者比较the在前。Practice一、填空(写出以下单词的比较级和最高级)

1.big——____________——____________

2.good——____________——____________

3.long——____________——____________

4.far——____________——____________

5.strong——____________——____________

6.exciting——____________——____________

7.popular——____________——____________

8.important——____________——____________

9.tall——____________——____________

10.old——____________——____________二、单项选择

1.Which does Jimmy like ______,Chinese or Art?

A.well

B.best

C.better

D.much

2.The Chang Jiang River is one of______in the world.

A.the longest river

B.longest rivers

C.the longest rivers

D.longer rivers

3.My moon cake is nicer ______ his.

A.like

B.with

C.for

D.than

4.The pen is ______ than that one.

A.more cheap

B.cheap

C.much cheaper

D.quite cheaper

5.The sick boy is getting______day by day.

A.bad

B.badly

C.worse

D.worst

6.Hainan is a very large island.It is the second______island in China.

A.large

B.larger

C.largest

D.the most large

7.Mother is ______ in my family.

A.busy

B.busier

C.the busiest

D.more busy

8.The dumplings are ______than the noodles, I think.

A.more nicer

B.much delicious

C.very nice

D.much more delicious

9.She is ____ than me at drawings.

A.better

B.best

C.good

D.harder

10.This blue sweater is too big for me.Will you please show me a ______one?

A.small

B.smaller

C.the smallest

D.smallestPart FiveCulture Bar Learning in the United States

Generally speaking, the U.S.always leaves the door open for people to choose their education, as long as they come out with eight years of school and can pass standard test in reading, writing and arithmetic in the three “Rs.”

In the U.S.most students go to public schools paid for by public tax money.But if a student feels the public system is not right for them, there are plenty of private schools, run by churches, individuals, and private groups.Many of those schools use teaching methods that are non-traditional, allowing students to mix with other age groups or even focus on personal preferences or talents.

In America, if you do not like the education your children receive at school, you can even choose to teach them at home.As long as they pass basic annual exams, anything goes.Unit 3ShoppingPart OneWarming upI.Can you say something about the following pictures in your own words?II.Can you say some places where you can buy things?

Market;

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________Part TwoDialogues 购物用语

1

1.——Can I help you? /What can I do for you?

——I want to buy a shirt/dress/skirt/ a pair of shoes/trousers.

2.——Whats your size?

——Size S/M/L/36.

3.——What color do you like?

——I like red/blue/yellow/orange.

4.——Do you have the same design in red?

——Sorry, It has sold out.

5.—— May I try it on?

——Sure./Certainly./Of course.

6.—— Its the latest fashion.You look nice in the red dress.

—— Thank you.

7.——How much is this?

——265 Yuan.

2

Shop assistant: Can I help you?

Customer: I am looking for a shirt.

Shop assistant: All these shirts are on sale.How about this one? What is your size?

Customer: It looks nice.Can I try it on?

Shop assistant: Yes, of course.The dressing room is over there.

Customer: Do you have it in a larger size?

Shop assistant: Let me check.……Yes, here you are.

Customer: How much is it?

Shop assistant:Its 200 yuan.

Customer: I am afraid it is a little bit expensive.

Shop assistant: What about 180 yuan?

Customer: Wrap it up for me.Can I pay by credit card?

Shop assistant: Sure.Please pay at the cashiers.Words & ExpressionsPractice一、Complete the dialogues according to Chinese meaning.根据所给中文意思,补全对话。

Salesman:____________(有什么能帮您的吗)?

Customer: I want to buy a dress.

S:______________________您的码子是多少?

C: Size M.

S:__________________(您喜欢什么颜色)?

C: White.Its my favorite color.May I try it on?

S: ____________________(当然可以).

C: __________________(这条裙子多少钱)?

S: Fifty Yuan.二、选项补全对话

A.Do you want to try it on?

B.Here you are.

C.Do you need any help?

D.How much is it?

E.Here is your T-shirt.

Store Clerk: Hi, ________________________

Customer: Hi, do you have a T-shirt?

Store Clerk: Oh, yes we do.Give me a second; let me go grab it for you.

Customer: Ok.

Store Clerk: __________________

Customer: Thank you.

Store Clerk: ______________________

Customer: Yeah, sure.

Store Clerk: Ok, come with me.

Customer: It fits me very well.______________________

Store Clerk: This T-shirt is 30 dollars.

Customer: __________________________

Store Clerk: Thank you very much.Part ThreeReading and Writing Shopping

There are lots of ways for shopping.People can buy what they need in a shopping mall, at a retail shop, through the internet or just making a call.Sometimes, they can do some window shopping, which means you just enjoy the feeling for shopping, but buy nothing in fact.Here it is the introduction of shopping through the internet.

With the help of the internet, shopping is not a difficult job.Just click your mouse to choose the article you like, and the shopping is finished.You neednt step out of the room.It seems easy and quick.But theres always a trap online.If you are careless, it will bring you some trouble.You may find the color of the article is different from what you want, or the size is either too small or too big.If you want to be different, youd better not buy clothes online.Once you put on the clothes you bought online and go out, you will find many people wear the same clothes in the street.Words and ExpressionsPractice一、Read the passage and answer the following questions.读文章,回答下列问题。

1.What are the ways of shopping listed in the passage?

2.What does window shopping mean?

3.How can you shop through the internet?

4.What is the trap by shopping through the internet?

5.If you buy clothes online, what will you find?二、Read the passage again and decide whether the following states are true(T)or false(F).再读文章,判断下列句子对与错。

1.Window shopping is just a kind of shopping——buying nothing in fact.( )

2.There are only a few ways of shopping.( )

3.Shopping is a difficult job with the help of the internet.( )

4.You can buy something through the internet, not needing step out.( )

5.If you buy clothes online, you will find many people wear the same clothes.( )三、Read the passage again and choose the right words to fill in the blanks.再读文章,选择正确的词填空。

through the internet step out of wear the same clothes

click your mouse a shopping mall window shopping

There are lots of ways for shopping.People can buy what they need in_______________,at a retail shop,________________ or just making a call.Sometimes, they can do some_________________,which means you just enjoy the feeling

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