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Part IWriting （30 minutes）【答案链接】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Free Admission to Museums. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
3. 你的看法。Free Admission to MuseumsPart IIListening Comprehension （30 minutes）【答案链接】Section ADirections: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A）, B）, C）and D）, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
1. A）She expected more people at her party.
B）She enjoys entertaining small children.
C）She threw a surprise party for her friend.
D）She has always enjoyed great popularity.
2. A）They are not used to living in a cold place.
B）They feel lucky to live in Florida.
C）They are going to have a holiday.
D）They have not booked their air tickets yet.
3. A）He was pleased to get the medal.
B）He was very courageous.
C）He used to be a firefighter.
D）He was accused of causing a fire.
4. A）Make a profitable investment.
B）Buy a new washing machine.
C）Get parts for the machine from Japan.
D）Have the old washing machine fixed.
5. A）He is pleased with his exciting new job.
B）He finds the huge workload unbearable.
C）He finds his office much too big for him.
D）He is not so excited about his new position.
6. A）The woman is going to hold a big party tomorrow.
B）The man has no idea what the right thing to do is.
C）The woman doesn't know how to get to the party.
D）The man offers to drive the woman to the party.
7. A）Drawing up a business plan.
B）Discussing a term paper.
C）Finalizing a contract.
D）Reviewing a co-authored article.
8. A）She ordered some paper.
B）She had the printer repaired.
C）She chatted online with a friend.
D）She filled in an application form.Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
9. A）His health is getting worse.
B）He can no longer work at sea.
C）His past life upsets him a good deal.
D）He has not got the expected pension.
10. A）She passed away years ago.
B）She used to work as a model.
C）She has been working at a clinic.
D）She has been seriously ill for years.
11. A）She has made lots of money as a doctor.
B）She is going to take care of her old dad.
C）She has never got on with her father.
D）She is kind and generous by nature.
12. A）He dines out with his wife every weekend.
B）He is excellent but looks bad-tempered.
C）He does not care about his appearance.
D）He is not quite popular with his patients.Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
13. A）The man has sent the order to the woman by mistake.
B）Some of the telephone systems don't work properly.
C）Some of the packs do not contain any manuals.
D）The quality of the goods is not up to the standard.
14. A）Send a service engineer to do the repairs.
B）Consult her boss about the best solution.
C）Pass the man's order to the right person.
D）Solve the problem at her company's cost.
D）Creative.Section BDirections: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A）, B）, C）and D）. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.Passage OneQuestions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. A）It is entertaining.
B）It is a costly hobby.
C）It takes lots of time.
D）It requires training.
17. A）They can harm nearby plants.
B）They may catch some disease.
C）They fight each other for food.
D）They may pollute the environment.
18. A）Place the food on warmer spots.
B）Use prepared feed mixtures only.
C）Avoid using any contaminated food.
D）Continue the feeding till it gets warm.Passage TwoQuestions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
19. A）He will betray even his best friends.
B）He is able to make up good excuses.
C）He will lie whenever he wants.
D）He tries to achieve his goal at any cost.
20. A）She made him apologize.
B）She readily forgave him.
C）She broke up with him.
D）She refused to answer his calls.
21. A）Buy her a new set of tires.
B）Help clean her apartment.
C）Lend her his batteries.
D）Move furniture for her.Passage ThreeQuestions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
22. A）The atmosphere they live in is rather unreal.
B）Their parents put too much pressure on them.
C）It's hard for them to get along with other kids.
D）They have to live in the shadow of their parents.
23. A）He always boasts about his rich father.
B）He will grow up to be good for nothing.
C）He has too much to know the value of things.
D）He is too young to manage his inherited property.
24. A）She wants Amanda to get professional care.
B）She has no experience in raising children.
C）She wants to show off her wealth.
D）She has no time to do it herself.
25. A）The lifestyle depicted in Hollywood movies.
B）The worship of money, beauty and pleasure.
C）The attention the media focuses on them.
D）The pursuing of perfection in performance.Section CDirections: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Around 120 years ago, Ebbinghaus began his study of memory. He（26）__________ on studying how quickly the human mind can remember（27）__________. One result of his research is known as the total time hypothesis（假设）, which simply means the amount you learn（28）__________ the time you spend trying to learn it. This can be taken as our first rule of learning.
Although it is usually true that studying for four hours is better than studying for one, there is still the question of how we should use the four hours. For example, is it better to study for four hours（29）__________ or to study for one hour a day for four days in a row? The answer, as you may have（30）__________, is that it is better to（31）__________ the study times. This phenomenon, through which we can learn more（32）__________ by dividing our practice time, is known as the distribution of practice effect. Thus, our second rule of learning is this: it is better to study fairly（33）__________ but often.
But we're not finished yet. We haven't considered how we should study over very short periods of time. Let's say you are trying to learn some new and rather difficult English vocabulary using a stack of cards. Should you look at the same word in rapid（34）__________, or look at the word and then have some delay before you look at it again? The answer is it is better to（35）__________ the presentations of the word you are to learn.Part IIIReading Comprehension （40 minutes）【答案链接】Section ADirections: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.
Every year in the first week of my English class, some students inform me that writing is too hard. They never write, unless assignments 36 it. They find the writing process 37 and difficult.
How awful to be able to speak in a language but not to write in it— 38 English, with its rich vocabulary. Being able to speak but not write is like living in an 39 mansion（豪宅）and never leaving one small room. When I meet students who think they can't write, I know as a teacher my 40 is to show them the rest of the rooms. My task is to build fluency while providing the opportunity inherent in any writing activity to 41 the moral and emotional development of my students. One great way to do this is by having students write in a journal in class every day.
Writing ability is like strength training. Writing needs to be done 42 , just like exercise; just as muscles grow stronger with exercise, writing skills improve quickly with writing practice. I often see a rise in student confidence and 43 after only a few weeks of journal writing.
Expressing oneself in writing is one of the most important skills I teach to strengthen the whole student. When my students practice journal writing, they are practicing for their future academic, political, and 44 lives. They build skills so that some day they might write a great novel, a piece of sorely needed legislation, or the perfect love letter. Every day that they write in their journals puts them a step 45 to fluency, eloquence（雄辩）, and command of language.I）painfulA）closerB）dailyJ）performanceC）K）professionemotionalD）L）remarkablyenhanceE）M）requireenormousF）N）sensitiveespeciallyO）urgeG）hinderH）missionSection BDirections: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.Electronic Education—Flipping the Classroom
A）The 12-year-olds filing into Courtney Cadwell's classroom at Egan Junior High in Los Altos, a leafy suburb of Silicon Valley, each take a white MacBook from a trolley, log on to a website called KhanAcademy.org and begin doing maths exercises. They will not get a lecture from Ms. Cadwell, because they have already viewed, at home, various lectures as video clips on KhanAcademy（given by Salman Khan, its founder）. And Ms. Cadwell, logged in as a“coach”, can see exactly who has watched which. This means that class time is now free for something else: one-on-one instruction by Ms. Cadwell, or what used to be known as tutoring.
B）This reversal of the traditional teaching methods—with lecturing done outside class time and tutoring during it—is what Mr. Khan calls“the flip”. A synonym for flip, of course, is revolution, and this experiment in Los Altos just might lead to one. For although only a handful of classes in this public-school district tried the method in the last school year, many other schools, private and public, are now expressing interest, and the methodology is spreading.
C）If KhanAcademy were merely about those online lectures, of course, it would be in good but large company. Increasingly, teachers, professors and other experts make their talks available online: on iTunes, YouTube or university websites. Some, such as Michael Sandel at Harvard with his philosophy lectures, have become minor celebrities. More and more sites exist purely to spread learning—some free, such as AcademicEarth.org; others not, such as TheGreatCourses.com.
D）Watching lectures online, or on a smartphone or iPad on the go（忙碌）, has advantages, as Mr. Khan has discovered from the huge number of comments he gets on his site. Children（or adults, for that matter）need no longer feel ashamed when they have to review part or all of a lecture several times. So they can advance at their own pace. But lectures, whether online or in the flesh, play only a limited role in education. Research shows that the human brain accepts new concepts largely through constant recall while interacting socially. This suggests that good teaching must“de-emphasise lecture and emphasise active problem-solving,”says Carl Wieman, a winner of the Nobel prize in physics and an adviser to Barack Obama.
E）To KhanAcademy's fans, the flip that Mr. Khan advocates helps to do just that. As a tool, KhanAcademy individualises teaching and makes it interactive and fun. Maths“is social now,”says Kami Thordarson, as the 10-year-olds in the 5th-grade class she teaches at Santa Rita Elementary School huddle round their laptops to solve math problems as though they were trading baseball cards or marbles.
F）The system has its critics. First, it may not be much use beyond subjects such as maths and the sciences; KhanAcademy does have a few history offerings, but they are less convincing than the huge number of maths and science ones. Second, even in these subjects KhanAcademy implicitly reinforces the“sit-and-get”philosophy of teaching, thinks Frank Noschese, a high-school physics teacher in New York. That is, it still“teaches to the test”, without necessarily engaging pupils more deeply. Worse, says Mr. Noschese, KhanAcademy's deliberate“gamification（游戏化）”of learning—all those cute and addictive“meteorite（陨石）badges”—may have the“terrible consequence”of making pupils mechanically repeat lower-level exercises to win awards.
G）The teachers now using KhanAcademy website think that it is meant to be merely one, not the only, teaching tool, and that by freeing up class time it also makes possible other projects that do exactly what Mr. Noschese promotes. In the fifth-grade class at Santa Rita, the children have made a tile floor（requiring fancy maths to estimate sizes, shapes and numbers）. When this correspondent visited, they practised on KhanAcademy but then played SKUNK, a game involving probability（概率）.
H）America's standardised tests are now“easy, a floor, not of interest”, says Ms. Thordarson. She feels that the tool thus allows her to teach better and go deeper. But“You have to be more creative and more flexible, which is challenging,”she says. It's not for teachers who“want to turn a page in a book”, adds Kelly Rafferty, the co-teacher. They thereby answer one common misconception about KhanAcademy: that it makes live teachers less relevant. Mr. Khan and the teachers all insist that the opposite is the case. It can liberate a good teacher to become even better. Of course, it can also make it easy for a bad teacher to cop out（逃避）.
I）The arrival of a powerful new tool thus does not replace the other necessary element in education reform, the raising of teacher quality. Good teaching is the single biggest variable in educating pupils, bigger than class size, family background or school funding, says Eric Hanushek, an education expert at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. And crucial to having better teachers is evaluating them properly, hiring, firing and promoting on merit.
J）The teachers' unions, however, are fighting all attempts to move away from systems in which pay and employment are linked only to seniority and credentials（文凭）. In some places, such as Washington, DC, the reformers have won a few skirmishes（小规模战斗）; in others, such as Los Angeles, the unions are digging in for a long war. The core question is how teachers can be evaluated fairly on the basis of exam results or classroom observation（given that some pupils are from educated families, others from poor areas, and so on）.
K）Spend a few minutes playing with the KhanAcademy software of a class in Los Altos, and you see a vision of the future. You can follow the progress of each child—where she started, how she progressed, where she got stuck and“unstuck”. You can also view the progress of the entire class. And you could collect the information of all the classes taught by one teacher, of an entire school or even district, with data covering a whole year.
46. In education reform, the newly-emerged and powerful teaching tool does not take the place of another essential factor—improving teacher quality.
47. According to a high-school physics teacher, undoubtedly, KhanAcademy gives more support to the“sit-and-get”teaching method even in such subjects as maths and sciences.
48. It is very important to make proper evaluation of teachers and promote them based on their merit.
49. At present, class time is available for other things, for instance, one-on-one teaching.
50. There is a common misunderstanding about KhanAcademy that its new teaching method has reduced the importance of a teacher.
51. According to the research, while people have social interaction with others, their brain absorbs new ideas by recalling in a continual way.
52. Users of KhanAcademy website think, though it is not the only teaching tool, it makes class time available for other projects Mr. Noschese encourages.
53. The flip is a revolution in education in that it has reversed the tradition of giving lessons in class while tutoring out of class.
54. The practice in KhanAcademy has made teaching individualized, interactive and interesting.
55. The key to establishing a fair system for teachers' pay and employment lies in evaluating teachers justly.Section CDirections: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A）, B）, C）and D）. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.Passage OneQuestions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.
The January fashion show, called FutureFashion, exemplified how far green design has come. Organized by the New York-based nonprofit Earth Pledge, the show inspired many top designers to work with sustainable fabrics for the first time. Several have since made pledges to include organic fabrics in their lines.
The designers who undertake green fashion still face many challenges. Scott Hahn, cofounder with Gregory of Rogan and Loomstate, which uses all-organic cotton, says high-quality sustainable materials can still be tough to find.“Most designers with existing labels are finding there aren't comparable fabrics that can just replace what you're doing and what your customers are used to,”he says. For example, organic cotton and non-organic cotton are virtually indistinguishable once woven into a dress. But some popular synthetics, like stretch nylon, still have few eco-friendly equivalents.
Those who do make the switch are finding they have more support. Last year the influential trade show Designers & Agents stopped charging its participation fee for young green entrepreneurs（企业家）who attend its two springtime shows in Los Angeles and New York and gave special recognition to designers whose collections are at least 25% sustainable. It now counts more than 50 green designers, up from fewer than a dozen two years ago. This week Wal-Mart is set to announce a major initiative aimed at helping cotton farmers go organic: it will buy transitional（过渡型的）cotton at higher prices, thus helping to expand the supply of a key sustainable material.“Mainstream is about to occur,”says Hahn.
Some analysts（分析师）are less sure. Among consumers, only 18% are even aware that ecofashion exists, up from 6% four years ago. Natalie Hormilla, a fashion writer, is an example of the unconverted consumer. When asked if she owned any sustainable clothes, she replied:“Not that I'm aware of.”Like most consumers, she finds little time to shop, and when she does, she's on the hunt for“cute stuff that isn't too expensive.”By her own admission, green just isn't yet on her mind. But—thanks to the combined efforts of designers, retailers and suppliers—one day it will be.
56. What is said about FutureFashion?
A）It inspired many leading designers to start going green.
B）It showed that designers using organic fabrics would go far.
C）It served as an example of how fashion shows should be
D）It convinced the public that fashionable clothes should be
57. According to Scott Hahn, one big challenge to designers who will go organic is that _________.
A）much more time is needed to finish a dress using sustainable
B）they have to create new brands for clothes made of organic